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Global Buddhist Summit

Facts for Prelims (FFP)

 

Source: PIB

 

Context: PM will inaugurate the first Global Buddhist Summit in New Delhi on April 20th and 21st.

 

  • Conducted by: The Ministry of Culture+ International Buddhist Confederation (IBC)
  • Theme: “Responses to Contemporary Challenges: Philosophy to Praxis.”
  • Aim: The summit aims to enhance cultural and diplomatic relationships with other countries and mark the significance and importance of India in Buddhism, as Buddhism was born in India.

 

About Four Buddhist Councils:

CouncilFirst CouncilSecond CouncilThird CouncilFourth Council
Year486 BC386 BC250 BC72 AD
LocationRajgirVaishaliPataliputraKundalavana
KingAjatasatruKalasokaAshokaKanishka
Presiding PriestMaha KasyapaSabakamiMogaliputta TissaVasumitra
PurposePreserve Buddha’s teachings and rules for disciplesSettle a dispute over Vinaya and Ten Points RulesReconcile different schools of Buddhism and purify the Buddhist movementDeal with a serious conflict between Sarvasthivada teachers of Kashmir and Gandhara
OutcomeCollection of Pali TipitakaSplit of the Buddhist order into Theravada and MahasanghikaCodification of Abhidhamma Pitaka and declaration of Sthaviravada School as orthodoxSarvasthivada doctrines organized into commentaries; the Final division of Buddhism into Mahayana and Hinayana

 

Note: The Theravada Buddhist Council in 1871 and Theravada Buddhist Council in 1954 are known as the Fifth and Sixth Buddhist Councils respectively.