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Bhu-Aadhaar or ULPIN

Source: IE

 NameBhu-Aadhaar (“bhu” meaning earth/land) or Unique Land Parcel Identification Number (ULPIN)
DescriptionIt is a 14-digit identification number for every surveyed parcel of land in India, launched in 2021
PurposeTo prevent land fraud and maintain updated land records
Key FeaturesBased on the longitude and latitude coordinates of the land parcel. Dependent on detailed surveys and geo-referenced cadastral maps
BenefitsWill help mitigate the huge pendency of court cases (66 per cent of all civil suits in India are related to land or property disputes); Reduce the GDP loss (about 1.3% of GDP) due to projects being stalled over litigation involving land disputes; Sharing of land records data across departments, financial institutions, and stakeholders; help develop land banks; and lead towards Integrated Land Information Management System (ILIMS).
ULPIN is part of DILRMPDigital India Land Records Modernisation Programme (DILRMP) was launched in 2008 as a Central Sector scheme under the Ministry of Rural Development.
About ILIMSContains information on parcel ownership, land use, taxation, location boundaries, land value, encumbrances and more. Aims to develop a system that can be customized by different states as needed
What are Cadastral Maps?A cadastral map is a detailed and accurate map that shows the boundaries and ownership of land parcels within a specific area. It is used by governments to maintain land records and for land administration purposes, such as property tax assessment, land-use planning, and resolving land disputes.