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Poverty alleviation has been a significant focus in India for many years, and while progress has been made, there is no doubt that ending poverty remains a challenging task. Analyse.

Topic: Poverty and developmental issues

1. Poverty alleviation has been a significant focus in India for many years, and while progress has been made, there is no doubt that ending poverty remains a challenging task. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Live MintInsights on India

Why the question:

The article argues that there is a discrepancy between official poverty lines and surveys that raise doubts about the decline in poverty rates in India.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the challenges associated with poverty and to evaluate the performance of various measures taken to alleviate poverty.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Describe the giving statistic regarding the current status of poverty in India.

Body:

First, write about the various challenges associated with eradication of poverty in India and the progress made so far as mentioned in the above report.

Next, evaluate the pros and cons of the various poverty alleviation measures in India – Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY), National Social Assistance Programme, Land Reforms, MGNREGA and various PDS initiatives etc.

Suggest measures to overcome the above the limitations of the above.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.