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The determination of whether an action is moral or not can be a complex and subjective matter, with different people and cultures having their own interpretations and standards of ethical behaviour. Examine.

Topic: Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions

7. The determination of whether an action is moral or not can be a complex and subjective matter, with different people and cultures having their own interpretations and standards of ethical behaviour. Examine. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Philosophical Mondays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To write in detail about the determinants of Morality of human action.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by saying that Human action is not at free will but determined by various factors.

Body:

Describe how morality of a person’s action varies situationally. Mention various determinants such as object, circumstances such as person/place/time involved and intention(malafide/bonafide) with an example each. Cite ethical thinkers to substantiate.

Use a flow chart for better presentation of the above.

Conclusion:

Conclude by saying that there are many obstacles that a person with a fixed moral construct must go through, which may change his action altogether.