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[MISSION 2023] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 10 April 2023

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

1. What were the obstacles encountered by India after achieving independence in incorporating the princely state of Hyderabad into the Indian Union, and what strategies were employed to surmount them? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

Speaking in a village of Bidar district on March 26, Home Minister Amit Shah said that there was ‘hesitation’ on the part of the Telangana government to celebrate Hyderabad Liberation Day. The next day, the Telangana government’s social media team cited media reports to contest Mr. Shah’s claim. Information Technology Minister K.T. Rama Rao said that the Telangana government had celebrated Telangana National Integration Day on September 17 last year.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the challenges in the integration of Hyderabad and how they were overcome.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context of India at independence.

Body:

First, write about the various challenges in the integration of the princely state of Hyderabad – Nizam’s desire to remain independent, communal clashes, Razakar attacks, lack of administrative structures etc.

In the next part, write about the various steps that were taken in this regard to integrate Hyderabad with India.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography.

2. It is pertinent to monitor and prepare for the potential impact of El Nino on India, given its potential to significantly impact the country’s agriculture and economy. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

The article discusses the possibility of an El Nino event occurring in 2023 and its potential implications.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about El-Nino and also write in detail about its effects on India and need to prepare for its impact.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by writing a few introductory lines describing the El-Nino.

Body:

First, write about the mechanism of El-Nino – The role trade winds pushing warm water, difference in temperature across the equatorial pacific, circulation between east and west in the Pacific etc.

Next, write about impact of El-Nino of global climate and the impact of El-Nino on Indian monsoon – very dry weather on the western parts of India, crop failures and lower agricultural production etc.

Next, write about steps that must be taken in order to have better forecasting models to help predict the impact of El Nino on agriculture and the economy and other steps to mitigate its impact.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

3. The proposed IT Amendment Rules of 2023 aimed at combating fake news and misinformation are problematic, as they grant authorities broad and vague powers to censor information and punish those who spread it. Critically examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

Any government-related content that is fact-checked as false or fake or misleading by the government’s fact-check unit must be taken down by all intermediaries, including social media platforms, as per the amended IT Rules, 2021.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about proposed IT Amendment Rules, 2023 and its potential to combat fake news and issues in them.

Directive word: 

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

First, in brief, write about the various concerns associated with fake news and its implications.

Next, write about the major changes in the about proposed IT Amendment Rules, 2023 and its potential in dealing with the menace of fake news.

Next, write about the various issues in the above – infringe on the right to freedom of expression, suppression of dissenting voices and lack of objectivity.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward to overcome the above issues.

 

Topic: Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, Nano-technology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

4. Nanotechnology has the potential to revolutionize medicine by enabling precise and targeted delivery of drugs, imaging and diagnosis, and developing new therapeutic approaches. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the applications and potential applications of nano technology in medicine.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by defining nano-technology and its various applications.

Body:

First, with examples, write about the areas in medicines where nano technology is being applied – Drug Delivery, Diagnostic Techniques, Antibacterial Treatments, Wound Treatment and Cell Repair etc.

Next, write about the potential treatments where the application of nano technology will revolutionise modern medicine.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising the scope of nano-technology modern medicine.


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

5. While Internet of Things (IoT) offers many benefits and conveniences, there are also several concerns associated with it. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about IoT, its applications, concerns associated and ways to overcome those concerns.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining IoT.

Body:

First, write about the working of IoT in brief.

Next, write about the various applications of IoT – “smart home”, including devices and appliances (such as lighting fixtures, thermostats, home security systems, cameras, and other home appliances) that support one or more common ecosystems, and can be controlled via devices associated with that ecosystem, such as smartphones and smart speakers. IoT is also used in healthcare systems.

Next, write about the concerns related to Privacy and security of IoT and suggest ways to overcome them.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: dimensions of ethics;

6. Describe your understanding of environmental ethics and discuss its relevance as a field of ethics in modern times? (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Philosophical Mondays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To explain environmental ethics and how it has become an important dimension of ethics in the twenty first century.

Directive word: 

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

 Start by describing the anthropocentric nature of the discourse of ethics. Only recently the focus has shifted to environmental ethics.

Body:

Mention the implications of neglect of the environment, varied cultural beliefs surrounding it, the western ideology that environment is for human disposal without regard to the future generations, concept of sustainable development, associating rights of environment to preservation etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by saying that environmental ethics is more relevant now than ever in the context of climate change.

 

Topic: Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions

7. The determination of whether an action is moral or not can be a complex and subjective matter, with different people and cultures having their own interpretations and standards of ethical behaviour. Examine. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Philosophical Mondays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To write in detail about the determinants of Morality of human action.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by saying that Human action is not at free will but determined by various factors.

Body:

Describe how morality of a person’s action varies situationally. Mention various determinants such as object, circumstances such as person/place/time involved and intention(malafide/bonafide) with an example each. Cite ethical thinkers to substantiate.

Use a flow chart for better presentation of the above.

Conclusion:

Conclude by saying that there are many obstacles that a person with a fixed moral construct must go through, which may change his action altogether.


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