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It is pertinent to monitor and prepare for the potential impact of El Nino on India, given its potential to significantly impact the country’s agriculture and economy. Analyse.

Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography.

2. It is pertinent to monitor and prepare for the potential impact of El Nino on India, given its potential to significantly impact the country’s agriculture and economy. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

The article discusses the possibility of an El Nino event occurring in 2023 and its potential implications.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about El-Nino and also write in detail about its effects on India and need to prepare for its impact.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by writing a few introductory lines describing the El-Nino.

Body:

First, write about the mechanism of El-Nino – The role trade winds pushing warm water, difference in temperature across the equatorial pacific, circulation between east and west in the Pacific etc.

Next, write about impact of El-Nino of global climate and the impact of El-Nino on Indian monsoon – very dry weather on the western parts of India, crop failures and lower agricultural production etc.

Next, write about steps that must be taken in order to have better forecasting models to help predict the impact of El Nino on agriculture and the economy and other steps to mitigate its impact.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.