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C R Rao

Facts for Prelims (FFP)

Source: TH

 Context: The Indian-American statistician Calyampudi Radhakrishna Rao has been awarded the 2023 International Prize in Statistics, which is statistics’ equivalent of the Nobel Prize.

About C R Rao:

R. Rao is an Indian-American mathematician and statistician. He is currently a professor emeritus at Pennsylvania State University and Research Professor at the University at Buffalo. He was awarded Padma Vibhushan in 2001.

Contribution of C R RaoDescription
Various theorems Rao-Blackwell Theorem, Cramér–Rao inequality, Fisher–Rao theorem, Orthogonal arrays, Multivariate statistical analysis, Biometry etc.
Fields: Statistics, economics, genetics, anthropology, geology, national planning, demography, biometry, and medicine
Rao’s groundbreaking paper‘Information and accuracy attainable in the estimation of statistical parameters’ (1945)
Indian statisticsIndian statisticians also owe Prof. Rao gratitude for his enormous contributions to the growth of statistics in the country, notably at the Indian Statistical Institute. Rao was “the person who did the most to continue Mahalanobis’s work as a leader of statistics in India.”


About International Prize in Statistics

It was established in 2016 and is awarded once every two years to an individual or team “for major achievements using statistics to advance science, technology and human welfare.”