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Trouble for the Gulf of Mannar islands

Facts for Prelims (FFP)

Source: The Hindu

 

Context: A new study has revealed that an alien invasive plant is threatening to pulverise native vegetation across 21 islands in the Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve (GoMBR).

  

What is causing threat to the islands:

  • Prosopis chilensis, a drought-resistant plant native to the arid region of South American countries
  • The coral reef has been destroyed in several places near these islands although coral quarrying for industrial purposes has been outlawed.
  • Human settlements, though not permanent, have also impacted the islands

Tags: GS3, Environment, Gulf of Mannar, Invasive Species