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[MISSION 2023] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 06 April 2023

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic:  The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

1. Discuss the contributions of Veer Savarkar in India’s struggle for independence. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: The Hindu Insights on India

Why the question:

The controversy surrounding the legacy of Hindutva demagogue Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, one of the most divisive figures in Indian politics, has reignited a heated debate in Maharashtra.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the contributions of Veer Savarkar.

Directive word:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving a brief introduction about Veer Savarkar.

Body:

Write about the contributions of Veer Savarkar – several movements against British colonial rule, played a key role in the formation of the All India Students’ Federation and the Hindu Mahasabha, He was also a prolific writer and poet.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing about the legacy of Veer Savarkar.

 

Topic: population and associated issues

2. Highlight the challenges faced by the senior citizens. There is a need in our society to recognize and value the contributions of the elderly and ensuring they live with dignity and respect. Elucidate. (250 words).

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

The article suggests that the Senior Citizens’ Welfare and Protection Act, 2019 in India needs to be strengthened to ensure the elderly population receives adequate care and support to age healthily.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the issues faced by the senior citizens and need for the elderly care in the fast-ageing elderly population.

Directive word: 

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief highlight the status of elderly population in the Indian society.

Body:

In the first part, write about the challenges faced by senior citizens – neglect, abuse, and lack of access to healthcare etc.

Next, write about the measures that are needed to improve the above – more old-age homes, improving healthcare facilities for seniors, and promoting awareness programs on the rights of the elderly etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Role of civil services in a democracy.

3. In order to have humane policing, the police force needs structural reform and better training to prioritize the protection of human rights and improve community relations, with accountability mechanisms to ensure that police officers who commit misconduct are held responsible. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

The serious complaint of human rights violation recently against an IPS officer in Ambasamudram in south Tamil Nadu should greatly embarrass the State government and the police hierarchy. The officer has been suspended from service and his alleged misconduct is being probed.

Key Demand of the question:

To about various reforms that are needed in the police force to make it more humane.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by mentioning importance of police in maintaining law and order in the country.

Body:

First, write about the need for reforms – mention systemic factors, attitudinal factors, and political factors etc which are responsible for this. Use recent examples to substantiate your points.

Next, write about the reforms that are needed to rectify the above. Cite suggestions of various committees in the above regard.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage

4. What is the Open Source Seeds movement? Evaluate the benefits and challenges of similar movements for Indian farmers in order to make plant breeding more accessible.

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The Open Source Seeds movement promotes the sharing of plant seeds without intellectual property restrictions.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about features of FTP 2023, its potential and limitations.

Directive word: 

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidence.  You must appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming an opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context about Open Source Seeds movement.

Body:

First, write about the features of Open Source Seeds movement and what is seeks to achieve – sharing of plant seeds without patents or intellectual property restrictions, make plant breeding more accessible and transparent, and to enhance crop diversity and climate resilience.

Next, write about the potential advantages of similar movements increased transparency, diversity, and accessibility in plant breeding, as well as reduced dependence on large seed companies, democratic control over the use and development of plant genetic resources etc.

Next, write about the shortcomings of the above – ack of financial incentives for private companies, potential exploitation of open source seeds, limited resources and infrastructure for managing and distributing open source seeds, difficulty in balancing open access with the need to protect intellectual property rights, and resistance from some sectors of the agricultural industry.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.

5. Enumerate the key features of Foreign Trade Policy 2023 (FTP 2023). Critically analyse the potential of FTP 2023 in boosting India’s export competitiveness and making the country a key player in the global trade landscape.

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Indian ExpressLive Mintpib.gov.in

Why the question:

India’s new Foreign Trade Policy (FTP) sets a target of achieving exports worth $2 trillion by 2030 and outlines a broad strategy to achieve it.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about features of FTP 2023, its potential and limitations.

Directive word: 

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by stating the aims and objectives of FTP 2023.

Body:

First, write about the key features of FTP 2023 – promoting exports of goods and services, enhancing the competitiveness of Indian businesses, and creating a favourable business environment for foreign investors., use of digital technology to promote e-commerce and increase the ease of doing business etc.

Next, write about the potential advantages of the above.

Next, write about the shortcomings of the above.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

6. Explain the working of ISRO’s reusable launch vehicle (RLV). Outline the advantages and limitations of RLV. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the working of RLV and its benefits.

Directive word: 

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin the answer by writing about RLV.

Body:

First, write about the working of RLV – designed to carry satellites and other payloads into space and then return to Earth and land like an airplane. Throw light on its various components and how it works.

Next, write about the advantages of RLV – Reusability leads to reduced cost, Reusability allows for more frequent launches and Reusability can improve safety etc.

Next, write about the limitations of the above – Developing RLVs requires advanced and expensive technologies, RLVs may have a smaller payload capacity and Reuse of RLVs requires regular maintenance and operations, which can be complex and costly etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: challenges of corruption.

7. The influence of money in elections raises serious ethical concerns about fairness, representation, and the integrity of the democratic process. Elucidate. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Abstract Thursdays’ in Mission-2022 Secure.

Directive:

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by giving context.

Body:

Write about the influence of money on elections and its impact – give candidates an unfair advantage, undermine representation, and erode the legitimacy of the political system. Also, mention the long-term impact of the same.

Conclusion:

Complete by mentioning steps that are needed to overcome the above.


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