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 First-Ever Anti-Spyware Declaration

Facts for Prelims (FFP)

Context: The US and 10 other nations (India is not part of it) issued the first-ever significant anti-spyware declaration

 Aim: The declaration seeks to realize the importance of stringent domestic and international controls on the proliferation and use of this technology.

 

Need for this declaration: Threat posed by the misuse of commercial spyware e.g., Israeli software Pegasus, Hermit spyware

 

Countries involved:  Australia, Canada, Costa Rica, Denmark, France, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the United States

What is a Spyware?

 Spyware is software with malicious behaviour that aims to gather information about a person or organization and send it to another entity in a way that harms the user—for example, by violating their privacy or endangering their device’s security.