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Recent examples involving Ethical issues

GS Paper 4

 Syllabus: Ethics and Values


Source: Multiple


Context: Various examples with ethical concerns are highlighted here

ExamplesDescriptionEthical Issues
Kalakshetra FoundationHari Padman, a senior instructor at Kalakshetra Foundation (dance school), was arrested following a complaint and student protests against sexual harassment.·        Sexual harassment at the workplace

·        Physical and psychological harm to the victim

·        Issue of institutional inaction and indifference to complaints of sexual harassment

·        Issue of lack of accountability and transparency in addressing complaints of sexual harassment

·        Need for institutions to recognize and respect the voices of their students

“French model on the end of life”France called for a law on a “French model on the end of life”, which could legalise euthanasia for the terminally ill. In a recent survey, up to 70% of French people are in favour of active help in dying.

Other European countries, including the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg and Spain, have already legalised assisted death.

Concerns over patient autonomy, the potential for abuse or coercion, the impact on the doctor-patient relationship, and the role of government in end-of-life decisions.
Custodial TortureAn Assistant Superintendent of Police in Tamil Nadu’s Tirunelveli district, Balveer Singh, has been accused of custodial torture. Singh is accused of torturing suspects in custody by removing their teeth with cutting pliers and causing injuries to their private parts.Custodial torture is a clear violation of the human rights of detenues, Abuse of power, Impunity and lack of accountability, police brutality and the lack of action taken by senior officers to prevent such incidents.
Italy bans ChatGPTItaly has become the first Western country to ban the AI-powered language model, ChatGPT, due to privacy concerns.Citizen’s private data could be misused, Bias and discrimination, Lack of transparency and accountability— concerns about who should be held responsible for its actions— creators of the AI systems, the companies that deploy them, or the governments that regulate them?


Mains Links: (UPSC 2021)

(a) Identify five ethical traits on which one can plot the performance of a civil servant. Justify their inclusion in the matrix.
(b) Identify ten essential values that are needed to be an effective public servant. Describe the ways and means to prevent non-ethical behaviour in public servants.