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[MISSION 2023] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 04 April 2023

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent);

1. What are Rare earth elements (REEs)? REEs are critical components of many modern technologies, and their importance is only likely to increase as these technologies continue to evolve. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

Scientists from the Institute of Minerals and Materials Technology (IMMT), Bhubaneswar, have estimated the quantity of rare earth elements that can be recovered from a toxic byproduct of aluminium extraction that India produces in copious amounts.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the importance of REEs.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining Rare earth elements (REEs) and why are they called rare.

Body:

Write significance of Rare Earth Elements (REE. Discuss its utility in terms of – defense, strategy environment etc. Global Uses and Production of Rare Earth Elements. Cite examples.

Next, write about the difficulties in extracting REE and recycling them.

Conclusion:

Conclude by Summarising.

 

Topic: Social empowerment; Role of women and women’s organization

2. The impact of patriarchy on women can be significant and pervasive, affecting their personal, social, economic, and political lives in many ways. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

The article discusses the arrest of a woman in Kerala, India, for allegedly selling illegally brewed toddy, a traditional drink made from coconut palm sap. The author argues that the arrest is rooted in pervasive misogyny in Kerala, which often targets women for activities that are considered morally questionable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the impact of patriarchy on women.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining patriarchy.

Body:

In the first part, write about the ways patriarchy is prevalent in the society in terms of discriminatory values, norms, beliefs and practices. Cite examples to substantiate.

Next, write about impact of patriarchy on women – economic dependence, violence, domestication and the peripherals of decision-making.

Next, mention ways to challenge patriarchy and make the society egalitarian.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

3. Entering into a Free Trade Agreement (FTA) between India and the United Kingdom is a logical progression, which offers opportunities for emerging technologies, expanding businesses, and improved employment prospects for their populations. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

The sixth round of negotiations between senior officials of India and the UK for a proposed free trade agreement (FTA) will begin here on Monday.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the advantages of FTA for India-U.K while taking in to account potential bottlenecks.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by writing about FTA in the context of India-U.K relations.

Body:

In first part, give the historical ties between the two nations in brief and current status of bilateral relations.

Next, write about potential benefits of FTA for both the countries especially in aftermath of the disruptions caused by Brexit and Covid-19 pandemic. Mention trade, diaspora, collaboration etc.

Mention, the potential bottlenecks such as non-tariff barriers, IP protection and Tariff’s etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward for the potential realisation of the FTA.


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

4. Throw light on the concept of metaverse. Discuss its applications and concerns associated with the development of metaverse ecosystem in India.  (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about metaverse, its applications and concerned associated with it.

Directive word:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start the answer by defining metaverse.

Body:

First, elaborate on the various components of the metaverse and its possible applications. Healthcare, Military, Real Estate, Education applications and Manufacturing. Substantiate with examples.

Next, write about the National Biofuel Policy, 2018 – to propel the use of biofuels in India, discussion should debate about the availability of resources, technology etc. and justify that one policy alone would not change the energy scenario but a framework regulating the energy sector in a multi-pronged approach is the need of the hour.

Next, write associated with metaverse – Infrastructure development, interoperability, Payments system, Preventing Cartelization by big companies, Security, Privacy and regulatory issues

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a forward.

 

Topic: Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, Nano-technology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

5. Explain the various kinds of satellite orbits initiated from Earth and analyse the potential risks related to unmanaged rocket re-entry into the Earth’s orbit. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question: 

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about various types of orbits and issues associated with uncontrolled re-entry of rockets

Directive word:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining an orbit.

Body:

First, write about different types of orbit for satellite launches from earth and their functions. Draw a small representative diagram of the same – Geostationary orbit (GEO), Low Earth orbit (LEO), Medium Earth orbit (MEO), Polar orbit and Sun-synchronous orbit (SSO), Transfer orbits and geostationary transfer orbit (GTO) and Lagrange points (L-points)

Next, in detail, write about the uncontrolled re-entries of rockets into the earth’s orbit and issues associated with it.

Next, write about the measures needed to overcome the above issues.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Philosophical basis of governance and probity

6. What are the key characteristics of ethical governance? Explain with examples. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Conceptual Tuesdays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the attributes of ethical governance.

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining ethical governance.

Body:

Write about the various attributes of ethical governance – ethical leadership, transparency and accountability, compliance with laws and regulations, stakeholder engagement, ethical codes and policies, risk management, and continuous improvement. Cite examples to substantiate.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: corporate governance.

7. The issues with corporate governance have highlighted the need for stronger regulations, enforcement mechanisms, and greater transparency and accountability in corporate governance practices in India. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Conceptual Tuesdays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about shortcomings of corporate governance in India.

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining corporate governance.

Body:

Write about the various limitations and shortcomings of corporate governance – frequent scams, lack of transparency, absences of accountability, corruption etc. Give recent examples like Yes bank, NSE scam.

Suggest steps to overcome the above.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.


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