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[MISSION 2023] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 03 April 2023

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Role of women and women’s organizations; Social empowerment.

1. How does the patriarchal social structure in India contribute to occupational segregation within the labour market, and what steps can be taken to address this issue? (250 Words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference:  Indian Express

Why the question:

Data on women’s market and domestic work in India reveal patterns that line up with these male preferences. In urban India, married women spend almost 7.5 times more time on domestic work as compared to married men

Key Demand of the question: The question requires you to explain how the patriarchal social structure in India contributes to occupational segregation within the labour market. Additionally, you need to suggest steps that can be taken to address this issue.

Directive words:

What steps can be taken – When the question asks you to “suggest steps,” it means you need to provide actionable suggestions that can be taken to address the issue of occupational segregation in the labour market.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Provide a brief introduction to the concept of patriarchal social structure in India and its impact on occupational segregation within the labour market.

Body:

In the first part, explain how the patriarchal social structure in India contributes to occupational segregation within the labour market. This may include discussing gender norms and stereotypes, discrimination, and unequal access to education and training opportunities.

In the second part, suggest steps that can be taken to address the issue of occupational segregation in the labour market. This may include promoting gender diversity and inclusion, improving access to education and training opportunities, implementing affirmative action policies, and strengthening legal protections against gender-based discrimination.

Conclusion:

Provide a brief conclusion on the need for systemic change to address the issue of occupational segregation within the labour market and promote gender equality in India.


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

2. In view of the recently announced, Japan’s plan for a Free and Open Indo-Pacific, discuss the geopolitical challenges facing the region, and how will the new initiative help resolve them. (250 Words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

Recently, Japanese Prime Minister, Fumio Kishida visited India and unveiled “Japan’s New Plan for a Free and Open Indo-Pacific” (FOIP) and exchanged views about deepening the “Japan-India Special Strategic and Global Partnership”.

 Key Demand of the question:

To write about FOIP, challenges in Indo-pacific and FOIP potential in reducing them

 Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: Start the answer by briefly introducing Japan’s plan for a Free and Open Indo-Pacific, its significance, and its objectives.

Body: In the first part, mention the geopolitical challenges facing the region such as territorial disputes, economic competition, security threats, and geopolitical rivalry among major powers.

Next, discuss how Japan’s new initiative can help resolve these challenges by discussing the four pillars of cooperation under the plan, namely, promoting rules-based order, connectivity, sustainable development, and maritime security.

In each of the four pillars, highlight the specific measures and initiatives that Japan plans to undertake and how they will help address the challenges mentioned earlier. Use examples to support your argument.

Also, mention the potential challenges and obstacles that Japan may face while implementing the new initiative, such as resistance from other major powers, economic constraints, and political instability in the region.

Briefly add India’s role in FOIP

 Conclusion: Conclude by summarizing the key points discussed in the answer and emphasizing the importance of Japan’s new initiative in promoting regional stability, economic prosperity, and security. Also, mention the need for continued cooperation among regional and global powers to address the complex challenges facing the Indo-Pacific region.


General Studies – 3


 

Topic -Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

3. Highlight the issues and concerns surrounding the UN’s decision to allow deep sea mining operations. Also, list down provisions of national and international conventions regulating deep sea mining.  (250 words) 

Difficulty level: Medium

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

Recently, Japanese Prime Minister, Fumio Kishida visited India and unveiled “Japan’s New Plan for a Free and Open Indo-Pacific” (FOIP) and exchanged views about deepening the “Japan-India Special Strategic and Global Partnership”.

Key Demand of the question:

The question requires you to discuss the issues and concerns surrounding the United Nations’ decision to allow deep-sea mining operations. Additionally, you need to list the provisions of national and international conventions regulating deep-sea mining.

Directive word: Highlight – When the question asks you to “highlight,” it means you throw light on the issue. You need to provide a clear and concise overview of the issues.

List down – When the question asks you to “list down,” it means you need to provide a clear and concise list of provisions of national and international conventions regulating deep-sea mining.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: Provide a brief introduction to the concept of deep-sea mining and the context of the UN’s decision to allow it.

Body:

In the first part, discuss the issues and concerns surrounding the UN’s decision to allow deep-sea mining operations. This may include concerns over the potential environmental impact, biodiversity loss, disturbance of the deep-sea ecosystem, and the potential for negative impacts on fisheries and coastal communities.

In the second part, list down the provisions of national and international conventions regulating deep-sea mining. This may include the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), the International Seabed Authority (ISA) regulations, and national regulations for deep-sea mining operations.

Conclusion:

Provide a brief conclusion on the challenges and opportunities of deep-sea mining operations and the need for appropriate regulations to address the potential environmental and social impacts of these activities.

 

Topic: Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, Nano-technology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

 4. In light of Mission Prarambh, elucidate the need and challenges to the participation of private industries in the space sector. (15M)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the mission Prarambh, challenges and limitations being faced by private sector in space exploration in India and methods to overcome them.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context of mission Prarambh.

Body:

In the first part, write about the nature and significance of mission Prarambh.

Next, explain the need for emphasis on enhancing commercial activities in the Indian space sector, and as a result, the participation of the private sector in the Indian space industry has been minimal in space activities.

Then, the significance of private industries in the space sector.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Science and Technology in everyday life, Contribution of Indians to Science & Technology

 5. What were Acharya J C Bose’s multidisciplinary contributions and how did his work impact the Indian scientific community? (10M)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights On India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question: To write about Acharya J C Bose’s multidisciplinary contributions and how his work impacted the Indian scientific community.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by giving a brief on Acharya J C Bose and his contributions.

Body:

First, explain Acharya J C Bose’s multidisciplinary contributions, such as his work in physics, biology, and plant physiology.

Next, explain his major scientific contributions, such as the invention of the Crescograph and his work on the nature of plant responses and the effects of electromagnetic waves.

Then, highlight how his work impacted the Indian scientific community. For example, his research provided a foundation for the development of radio and wireless communication technologies, and his emphasis on indigenous research and development helped to inspire a generation of Indian scientists.

Explain in detail about each contribution of Acharya J C Bose and how it impacted the Indian scientific community.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarizing.


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.

6. Based on the concepts presented in Thiruvalluvar’s Thirukkural, discuss the ethical responsibilities of a leader in modern political systems. In what ways can these principles be used to promote ethical governance and ensure the well-being of the people in a modern state? (150 Words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Philosophical Mondays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Key Demand of the question:  

To write about the ethical responsibilities of a leader as mentioned by Thiruvalluvar.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by giving context of Thiruvalluvar’s Thirukkural – various ethical values mentioned in it.

Body:

Explain in detail about Tiruvalluvar; his works and contributions in terms of philosophy, poems etc. He is best known for his famous work Thirukkuṛaḷ. This work consists of couplets on ethics, political and economical

Then give certain examples from his work
E.g Nation/State: “A Nation should have 5 key elements – Good health, Good economy, Harvest, Happiness and Strong defence – considering these a leader should act.

Next, explain in what ways these values will be helpful.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarizing.

 

Topic: Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and the world.

7. According to the Yoga school of philosophy, the goal of life is to attain self-realization and liberation from suffering. How can the principles of yoga be applied to contemporary ethical dilemmas, such as those related to environmental conservation, social justice, and human rights?  (250 Words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

 Reference: Insights On India

 Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Philosophical Mondays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:  To write about the yoga school of philosophy and how it can be applied to contemporary ethical issues.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by giving a brief on the Yoga School of Philosophy and its goal in life.

Body:

First, explain the principles of Yoga and the significance of self-realization and liberation from suffering.

Next, highlight how these principles can be applied to contemporary ethical dilemmas such as environmental conservation, social justice, and human rights.

For example, Yoga’s principle of Ahimsa (non-violence) can be applied to environmental conservation and animal welfare issues.

Similarly, the principle of Satya (truthfulness) can be applied to address social justice issues such as discrimination and inequality.

Explain in detail each principle of yoga and how it can be applied to contemporary ethical dilemmas.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarizing the key points.


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