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Karnataka: Reservation for Muslims under the OBC category

GS Paper 2

 Syllabus: Mechanisms, Laws, Institutions and Bodies constituted for the Protection and Betterment of these Vulnerable Sections

 

Source: TH

 Context: The Karnataka government’s recent decisions on the reservation have come under intense political debate.

DecisionsNeedCriticism
●       Did away with the 4% reservation for Muslims in the OBC category.

●       This 4% is to be distributed equally among the Veerashaiva-Lingayats and Vokkaligas – the 2 dominant land-owning communities in the State.

●       Accorded internal reservation for 101 Scheduled Castes (SC).

●       The OBC reservation quota cannot be extended based on religion

●       The community no longer remains socially and educationally backward

 

●       Vote-bank politics

●       The Muslims were included based on the recommendations by the Sachar Committee, L.G. Havanur and Chinnappa Reddy Commissions.

●       Any addition or deletion of a community from the reservation matrix should be based on an empirical study by the Karnataka BC Commission.

 

Reservation to religious minorities:

  • At present, there is no reservation in Civil Posts and Services under the GoI and admission to Central Educational Institutions for Minority Communities.
  • However, the Central Government carved out a sub-quota of 5% for minorities, as defined under the National Commission for Minorities Act 1992.
  • This will be within the 27% reservation for OBCs in Civil Posts and Services under the GoI and admission to Central Educational Institutions.
  • The constitutional validity of the matter is presently sub-judice in the SC.

 

Insta Links:

The key to revitalising India’s reservation system

 

Mains Links:

Whether the National Commission for Scheduled Castes (NCSC) can enforce the implementation of constitutional reservation for the Scheduled Castes in the religious minority institutions? Examine. (UPSC 2018)