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[MISSION 2023] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 24 March 2023

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

1. India’s independence movement was a melting pot that had freedom fighters from contradictory and even conflicting backgrounds and ideologies. Despite these differences, they came together to fight for a common cause, and their collective efforts led to India’s independence. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

In the 76th year of India’s Independence, every Indian is beholden to express unreserved gratitude to all, especially the unsung luminaries of our freedom struggle who were devoted to the national cause. This should transcend any ideological inclination or political proclivity that they professed or practised in their later lives.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the diverse ideologies and backgrounds among the freedom fighters during the freedom struggle.

Directive word:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by giving context which highlights the diversity among the freedom fighters.

Body:

First, write about the various ideologies of freedom struggle and freedom fighters – Moderates, Extremists, Gandhian, Revolutionaries, Socialists, Communists, Right wing etc.

Next, write about the clashes and disagreements between leaders of different ideologies but yet everyone had a different contribution towards the cause of independence. Cite examples to substantiate.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.

2. What is the significance of Section 8(3) of the Representation of the People (RP) Act, 1951? Examine the issues that have made it a topic of debate and discussion among constitutional experts. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The HinduIndian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

Congress leader Rahul Gandhi’s conviction and sentencing in a 2019 defamation case by a court in Gujarat has put a question mark over his continuation as a Lok Sabha MP. Experts though have differing views on whether the conviction and sentencing means immediate disqualification or the Wayanad MP gets time if he appeals.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the importance of section 8(3) of RP act and issues in it.

Directive word:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin the giving the objective behind Section 8(3) of the Representation of the People (RP) Act.

Body:

First, write about the various features of Section 8(3) of the Representation of the People (RP) Act and its impact.

Next, write about the major issues surrounding Section 8(3) of the Representation of the People (RP) Act – ambiguity in language, discretionary power of the Election Commission, lack of clarity on exceptions and conditions, timing of disqualification, and concerns about the criminalization of politics etc.

Next, write about the steps that are needed to overcome the above.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

3. As the country currently heavily relies on imports for semiconductors, the government has launched various initiatives and policies to promote the growth of the semiconductor industry. Evaluate the potential of the performance-linked incentives (PLI) scheme to achieve self-reliance in semiconductor manufacturing. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

The Union Government has disbursed around ₹1,645 crore in performance-linked incentives (PLI) for electronics manufacturers so far, as part of its efforts to bring in more of the electronics supply chain to India.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about various initiatives to promote the growth of the semiconductor industry and potential of a PLI scheme.

Directive word: 

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidence.  You must appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming an opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

In the first part, mention the various applications of Semiconductors and reasons for their shortage and its impact.

Next, write about various steps taken in the recent past aimed at achieving self-sufficiency in semiconductors. write about the India’s strengths and weaknesses in this regard.

Next, write about the efficacy of PLI scheme in order to achieve self-sufficiency in the manufacturing of semiconductors.

Conclusion:

Conclude by way forward.


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, Nano-technology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

4. 5G and 6G are both generations of wireless communication technology, but they differ in several ways. Compare and contrast. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Live Mint

Why the question:

On Wednesday, Prime Minister Narendra Modi released the Bharat 6G Vision Document and launched a 6G R&D Test Bed with the hope that the document will “become a major basis for the 6G rollout in the next few years”. The Bharat 6G vision document has been prepared by the Technology Innovation Group on 6G (TIG-6G).

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the differences and similarities between 5G and 6G technology.

Directive word: 

Compare and contrast – provide for a detailed comparison of the two types, their features that are similar as well as different. One must provide for detailed assessment of the two.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

First, write about differences between 6G and 5G technology on the following parameters – : Speed,, Bandwidth, Latency, Spectral efficiency, Applications and Development etc.

Next, write about their similarities and concerns associated with the both.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

5.  Addressing man-animal conflicts requires a multi-pronged approach that involves conservation, public awareness, and the use of technology-based solutions. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on IndiaInsights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To explain the major causes for rising cases of man-animal conflict and steps that are needed control it.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

start with what you understand by Man-Animal conflicts.

Body:

First, write about the reasons for the increase in man-animal conflicts – habitat loss and fragmentation, climate change, human activities, and urbanization.

Write about the various government policies and programmes in this direction. Also, write about the steps that are needed to tackle it.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

6. What are invasive alien species? The impact of invasive alien species on their newly colonized environment and the biodiversity of the entire region can have far-reaching consequences, altering ecosystem processes, reducing biodiversity, and threatening the long-term sustainability of ecosystems. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the threats posed by invasive alien species and ways to tackle their spread.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by explaining the term invasive alien species.

Body:

First, Explain the various threats posed by them. Provide examples and present the scenario of harm posed by invasive species in India – threaten cultivable land and wildlife habitats alike, may lead to the conversion of marshy wetlands into dry land. E.g.: water hyacinth, spread into the forests through the corridors created by landslides, affect the soil and destroy the microhabitat of that area

Next, Write about the various government policies and programmes in this direction.

Conclusion:

Conclude with solutions to address the issue.


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Case Study

7. Johnny was a young man in his mid-twenties who loved the thrill of online gambling. He spent hours every day playing various casino games, and he had become quite skilled at it. But as time passed, Johnny’s addiction to online gambling began to take a toll on his personal and professional life.

Johnny started spending all of his savings on online gambling, and he even began to borrow money from friends and family to continue playing. His addiction became so severe that he stopped going to work and stopped socializing with his friends.

Meanwhile, the state government was growing increasingly concerned about the growing number of people addicted to online gambling. They believed that online gambling was a menace to society and was causing widespread social and economic problems.

Finally, the government decided to take action and ban online gambling altogether. They argued that this would help to reduce the number of people who were addicted to gambling and would prevent others from becoming addicted in the first place.

Johnny was devastated by the news of the ban on online gambling. He had become so addicted to it that he could not imagine living without it. He tried to find other ways to satisfy his cravings for gambling, but nothing worked. He became a very depressed.

    1. Identify the ethical issues in the above case.
    2. Should there a ban on online gambling?
    3. What other measures must the government take along with banning gambling?
    4. If you were the elder brother of Johnny, what would be your advice to him in this situation?

 


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