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High-speed internet: How will India develop a 6G network?

GS Paper 3

Syllabus: Science and Technology


Source: Indian Express

 Context: Prime Minister has unveiled a vision document for the rollout of 6G communications technology in India by 2030 titled Bharat 6G.


The vision document has been prepared by the Technology Innovation Group on 6G (TIG-6G) constituted by the Department of Telecommunications (DoT).

  • 6G Vision is based on principles of Affordability, Sustainability, and Ubiquity.
  • The Vision is fully aligned with the national Vision of Atmanirbhar Bharat and will seek to empower every Indian to become Atmanirbhar (self-reliant) in their lives.


What is India’s 6G roadmap?

  • The 6G project will be implemented in two phases, and the government has also appointed an apex council to oversee the project and focus on issues such as standardisation, identification of the spectrum for 6G usage, create an ecosystem for devices and systems, and figure out finances for research and development etc.
  • In phase one, support will be provided to explorative ideas, risky pathways and proof-of-concept test
  • Ideas and concepts that show promise and potential for acceptance by the global peer community will be adequately supported to develop them to completion, establish their use cases and benefits, and create implementational IPs and testbeds leading to commercialisation as part of phase two.


What is India’s immediate action plan?

  • The apex council will facilitate and finance research and development, design and development of 6G technologies by Indian start-ups, companies, research bodies and universities.
  • A key focus of the council will be on new technologies such as Terahertz communication, radio interfaces, tactile internet, artificial intelligence for connected intelligence, new encoding methods and waveforms chipsets for 6G devices.


How are other regions looking at the 6G rollout?

  • South Korea has outlined a 6G research and development, for attaining global leadership, developing key original technologies, making significant contributions to international standards and patents, and building a strong foundation for 6G research and industry.
  • In Japan, the Integrated Optical and Wireless Network (IOWN) Forum has published its Vision 2030 white paper for 6G,


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6G – facts for prelims