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Wetlands are highly diverse ecosystems that provide various benefits to the environment and society. Protecting and restoring wetlands is essential for conservation efforts globally. Elucidate.

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

4. Wetlands are highly diverse ecosystems that provide various benefits to the environment and society. Protecting and restoring wetlands is essential for conservation efforts globally. Elucidate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the importance of wetland ecosystem and need to protect them.

Directive word:

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining a wetland and its types.

Body:

Write about the various functions performed by a wetland- water-related ecosystem services, productive areas for plant life and animals, major habitat for most of the world’s waterbirds and key habitat for migratory species, important source of food and high recreational, historical, scientific, and cultural values.

Next, write about the major threats faced by wetlands and steps that are needed protect and conserve them.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.