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Extreme heat waves as climate change worsens could adversely impact our economic output unless we adopt mitigative measures. Examine.

Topic: Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc.

2. Extreme heat waves as climate change worsens could adversely impact our economic output unless we adopt mitigative measures. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Live MintInsights on India

Why the question:

The heatwave that rippled across India earlier this month had not just left us sweltering, but also sparked fears that the winter crop could wilt because of rising temperatures.

Directive word:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly introduce the issue of increasing heatwaves in India.

Body:

In the first part of the body, examine the impact of heatwaves – high temperatures and humidity can lead to heat exhaustion, dehydration, and other health. Use examples and statistics to support your argument.

In the next part, discuss the measures that can be taken to mitigate the impact of heatwaves – discuss the role of the government, employers, and workers in addressing the impact of heatwaves etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.