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What are hydrothermal mineral deposits? Hydrothermal mineral deposits in the Indian Ocean offer opportunities for valuable mineral extraction, but their exploitation also raises environmental concerns and potential geopolitical tensions. Analyse.

Topic: Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent)

1. What are hydrothermal mineral deposits? Hydrothermal mineral deposits in the Indian Ocean offer opportunities for valuable mineral extraction, but their exploitation also raises environmental concerns and potential geopolitical tensions. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The Hinduen.wikipedia.org

Why the question:

The Ministry of Earth Science’s listed the non-materialisation of tenders for constructing a research vessel for the Indian Ocean and chartering a vessel for surveying and exploring Hydrothermal deposits.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about hydrothermal mineral deposits, opportunities and concerns associated with it.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining hydrothermal mineral deposits.

Body:

In the first part, write about the potential of hydrothermal mineral deposits – extraction of valuable minerals, economic benefits, technology development etc.

Next, write about the concerns associated with extraction of hydrothermal mineral deposits – environmental concerns and potential geopolitical tensions with neighbours.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward on the above issue.