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[MISSION 2023] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 21 March 2023

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent)

1. What are hydrothermal mineral deposits? Hydrothermal mineral deposits in the Indian Ocean offer opportunities for valuable mineral extraction, but their exploitation also raises environmental concerns and potential geopolitical tensions. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The Hinduen.wikipedia.org

Why the question:

The Ministry of Earth Science’s listed the non-materialisation of tenders for constructing a research vessel for the Indian Ocean and chartering a vessel for surveying and exploring Hydrothermal deposits.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about hydrothermal mineral deposits, opportunities and concerns associated with it.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining hydrothermal mineral deposits.

Body:

In the first part, write about the potential of hydrothermal mineral deposits – extraction of valuable minerals, economic benefits, technology development etc.

Next, write about the concerns associated with extraction of hydrothermal mineral deposits – environmental concerns and potential geopolitical tensions with neighbours.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward on the above issue.


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary.

2. Critically analyse the performance of India in its  two-year stint as a member of United Nations Security Council (UNSC). Based on its performance, do you think India is ready for the permanent membership of UNSC? State your opinion. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

India concluded its eighth stint in the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) at the end of December 2022. And, by any yardstick, its two-year stint has been unprecedented.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the achievements and limitations of India in its stint as non-permanent member of UNSC and to comment on its credentials for a permanent membership.

Directive word: 

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

First, write about the major achievements of India in its two-year stint at UNSC.

Next, write about the limitation of India in the above.

Next, write about the reasons that lend credibility to India’s claims to permanent membership of UNSC.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a balanced opinion.


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

3. The uneven economic growth and expanding economic disparities exacerbate the already deeply ingrained social inequalities. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduInsights in India

Why the question:

India is now one of the fastest-growing economies globally. However, this growth has not resulted in a corresponding increase in its Human Development Index (HDI).

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the how social inequality is worsened when economic inequalities are added to it and suggest measures to overcome them.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining social inequalities in India.

Body:

First, giving statistic which gives a context about rising economic inequalities in India.

Next, write about how the social inequality and economic inequality are inextricably interlinked. Write about the impact of the above on the Indian society.

Next, suggest measures to overcome the same.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

4. Land degradation has negative impacts on the environment, economy, and society. Examine the causes and consequences of Land degradation. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the causes and consequences of land degradation

Directive:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving statistic related to degrading land.

Body:

First, write about the causes of land degradation – agricultural practices, deforestation, urbanization and industrialization, and climate change.

Next, write about the negative impact of Land degradation and how it impacts on human ecosystem and health.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward on overcoming the above shortcomings.

 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

5. The process of desertification occurs due to human activities on lands that are highly susceptible to overuse and improper agricultural practices, leading to significant environmental and socio-economic consequence. Elaborate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the causes and consequences of desertification in India.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining desertification and present statistics regarding it.

Body:

First, write about its causes – It is caused primarily by human activities and climatic variations. It occurs because dryland ecosystems, which cover over one third of the world ‘s land area, are extremely vulnerable to overexploitation and inappropriate land use.

Next, elaborate upon the socio-economic impact of desertification.

Next, stress on the measures needed to fight desertification.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

Topic: Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.

6. Khalistan movement has seen a decline in recent years, but the threat of terrorism and violence associated with it continues to be a concern for India’s internal security. India needs to be vigilant and take preventive measures to nip the Khalistan movement in the bud. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Hindustan Time ,  Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

A group of pro-Khalistan protesters on Sunday attacked and damaged the Indian Consulate in San Francisco, prompting sharp condemnation from Indian-Americans who demanded immediate action against those responsible for it.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the threats from the Khalistani separatist movements and steps needed to nip it in the bud.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

In the first part, write about the decline that was witnessed in the Khalistan insurgency in the recent years to due various steps of the government.

Next, write about recent developments and the Khalistan movement in India and abroad and threats to Indian internal security from it.

Next, write about the measures that are needed to tackle it.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of Family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

7. It is essential to address cognitive dissonance because it can cause stress and discomfort, and it can lead to poor decision-making. Elaborate. (150 Words)

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Conceptual Tuesdays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about cognitive dissonance and ways to deal with it.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by defining cognitive dissonance.

Body:

Next, mention the various reasons why cognitive dissonance occurs and the potential implications of it. Cite examples of substantiate.

Next, mention the ways to deal and adapt for cognitive dissonance.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stressing on the way to manage cognitive dissonance.


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