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Source: Indian Express

  • Prelims: AI, e-governance, CCTNS, CCIS, CIPA, GST, Governance, etc
  • Mains GS Paper I and II: Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies, Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability etc


  • In a recent scam, 28 men from Tamil Nadu succumbed to temptation.
    • They were promised assorted jobs in Indian Railways and were subjected to fake training for a month.
  • P T Barnum-There’s a sucker born every minute.”





  • It is commonly defined as the exercise of power or authority by political leaders for the well-being of their country’s citizens or subjects.
  • A great deal about governance is the proper and effective utilization of resources.
  • Governance includes three sectors:
    • The public sector (state actors and institutions)
    • The private sector (households and companies)
    • The civil society (non-governmental organizations)




Recent Scams:

  • 28 men from Tamil Nadu were promised assorted jobs in Indian Railways.
  • A person posed as the Central Commandant of Crime and Criminal Tracking Network Systems (CCTNS).


Crime and Criminal Tracking Network Systems (CCTNS):

  • CCTNS feeds into the Interoperable Criminal Justice System (ICJS).
  • CCTNS connects police stations and digitiser FIR registration, investigation and charge sheets
  • There are around 17,000 police stations and more than 97 percent have CCTNS software and connectivity.


Interoperable Criminal Justice System (ICJS).

  • It covers e-courts, e-prisons, forensics and prosecution, leveraging technology to make criminal justice delivery more efficient.


  • How is crime dealt with?
    • It requires
      • investigation
      • FIR
      • A charge-sheet
      • Prosecution
      • Successful conviction.
    • Prosecution and Successful conviction have to do with ICJS and the way courts work.
      • The other three links have to do with the police.


IPC (Indian Penal Code) crimes:

  • Investigation rates are around 65 percen
    • Investigation rate is more than 95 percent in Gujarat,
    • About 45 per cent in Jharkhand

Charge-sheeting rates (as percentage of cases investigated);

  • For IPC crimes, the all-India average is just over 72 percent.
  • Over 90 percent in Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Kerala and West Bengal,
  • Assam: It is less than 40 percent.


Desirable objectives of CCTNS:

  • Digitize data
  • Ensure data migration
  • Feed FIR registration into CCTNS
  • launch citizen portals and so on.


Annual ranking of police stations(The Ministry of Home Affairs):

  • It is based on objective data (with an 80 percent weight) and a survey-based assessment (with 20 percent weight).
  • In 2022, Aska in Ganjam (Odisha) was ranked the best police station.
  • The short-listing for a state (UT) is done on the basis of CCTNS.


  • Across states, there is a separate Pragati dashboard on different aspects of CCTNS – infrastructure, manpower and use of the database.
  • 97 percent of police stations may have been connected to CCTNS, but the figure is 77 percent for West Bengal (as of January 2022).
  • Zero percent of legacy data has migrated in Bihar.


Way Forward

  • The criminal justice systems should also be standardized, harmonized and integrated.
    • A citizen should be entitled to the same level of law and order, regardless of residence.
  • Prisoners must have access to Aadhaar, for enrolment and upgradation
    • It will make prison administration easier.
  • We are far away from the principles of one country – “one police” and “one prison”.
    • In this aspect of governance, if states belong to two different worlds, no matter how good a tool CCTNS is, the benefits will fall short.



What do you understand about the term ‘good governance’? How far have recent initiatives in terms of e-Governance steps taken by the State have helped the beneficiaries? Discuss with suitable examples.(UPSC 2022) (200 WORDS, 10 MARKS)