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The UN’s High Seas Treaty establishes rules for the conservation and sustainable use of marine biodiversity, as well as the sharing of benefits from the use of these resources. Discuss. How will it impact India?

Topic: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

2. The UN’s High Seas Treaty establishes rules for the conservation and sustainable use of marine biodiversity, as well as the sharing of benefits from the use of these resources. Discuss. How will it impact India? (250 words).

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The Hindu ,Insights on India

Why the question:

The international ocean, the last frontier for uncivilised and uncontrolled human behaviour, is on the verge of being tamed. The Biodiversity Beyond National Jurisdiction (BBNJ) treaty, also known as the ‘High Seas Treaty’, has been accepted in principle.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the UN’s High Seas Treaty and its impact on India.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving aims and objectives behind the Biodiversity Beyond National Jurisdiction (BBNJ) treaty, also known as the ‘High Seas Treaty’.

Body:

First, write about the major features of the treaty – Environmental impact assessments for activities taken up on high seas, Conservation of marine genetic resources, Capacity building, Technology transfer, Cross-cutting issues such as institutional structure and financial support.

Next, write about the impact on India from the above treaty – potential and limitations.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward to overcome the limitations.