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Numerous endeavours have been made to ensure that individuals with disabilities live a life with respect and honour. Nevertheless, achieving the objective of creating a more inclusive society necessitates to provide opportunities, implement laws equitably and reduce the marginalisation of persons with disabilities (PwD). Examine.

Topic: Social empowerment

2. Numerous endeavours have been made to ensure that individuals with disabilities live a life with respect and honour. Nevertheless, achieving the objective of creating a more inclusive society necessitates to provide opportunities, implement laws equitably and reduce the marginalisation of persons with disabilities (PwD). Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

Today, there are millions of people living with disabilities in India. Census 2011 pegs us at 26.8 million, constituting 2.21 per cent of India’s total population; but activists, academicians and world bodies like the WHO estimate it to be between 40 and 80 million.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the efforts at achieving inclusivity for PwD’s and steps need to realise it by making them equal partners in their development.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin the answer by giving statistic regarding the number of persons with disabilities (PwD) in India.

Body:

First, write about the efforts made at improving the lives of PwD’s – Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016, Sugamya Bharat Abhiyaan/Accessible India campaign, Disability movement etc.

Mention the shortcomings of the above – lack of medical treatment, educational opportunity, absence of PwDs in decision making etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward to involve PwDs as stakeholder in their development and decision-making.