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[MISSION 2023] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 09 March 2023

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.

1. What is fascism? Describe its key features. What were the factors that enabled growth of fascism post World War-I? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

If by totalitarianism one means a regime that subordinates every act of the individual to the state and to its ideology, then both Nazism and Stalinism were true totalitarian regimes

Key Demand of the question:

To write about fascism, its features and reasons for its rise.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining fascism.

Body:

First, write about the features of fascism – include extreme nationalism, militarism, authoritarianism, totalitarianism, a cult of personality around the leader, suppression of dissent, and anti-communism etc.

Next, write about the factors that aided the rise of fascism – economic depression, nationalism, weak democratic institutions, propaganda and mass media, failure of traditional political parties, and the weakness of international institutions like the League of Nations etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: Social empowerment

2. Numerous endeavours have been made to ensure that individuals with disabilities live a life with respect and honour. Nevertheless, achieving the objective of creating a more inclusive society necessitates to provide opportunities, implement laws equitably and reduce the marginalisation of persons with disabilities (PwD). Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

Today, there are millions of people living with disabilities in India. Census 2011 pegs us at 26.8 million, constituting 2.21 per cent of India’s total population; but activists, academicians and world bodies like the WHO estimate it to be between 40 and 80 million.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the efforts at achieving inclusivity for PwD’s and steps need to realise it by making them equal partners in their development.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin the answer by giving statistic regarding the number of persons with disabilities (PwD) in India.

Body:

First, write about the efforts made at improving the lives of PwD’s – Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016, Sugamya Bharat Abhiyaan/Accessible India campaign, Disability movement etc.

Mention the shortcomings of the above – lack of medical treatment, educational opportunity, absence of PwDs in decision making etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward to involve PwDs as stakeholder in their development and decision-making.


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

3. In recent years, India and Australia countries have sought to deepen their economic ties, and their strategic partnership has become increasingly important given the geopolitical challenges in the region. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

None of Delhi’s bilateral relations has transformed as rapidly in the past few years as that with Canberra. The same can be said of India’s place in Australia’s international relations. Few international observers would have bet a decade ago that the relationship between India and Australia, which ranged from prickly to indifferent in the second half of the 20th century, would become a valued strategic partnership for both in the 21st.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the various facets of India-Australia relations especially with respect to space, critical minerals, strategic research, people-to-people links, security and stability of the Indo-Pacific.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start with brief background of the context of the question.

Body:

First, write about the various aspects of growing trade between India and Australia – recently introduced Update to Australia’s India Economic Strategy, space, critical minerals, strategic research and people-to-people links to boost cooperation with India, business engagement and an increased Australian presence in India etc.

Next, write about the geopolitical challenges – formation of AUKUS, QUAD and overall aspect of China.

Next, write about various bottlenecks in bilateral ties between both the nations.

Conclusion:

Suggest a way forward and conclude.


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment

4. Taxation is essential for the proper functioning of government and the economy, and it is necessary to support the public good and promote fairness and equity. Elaborate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the objectives of taxation in the country.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context about taxation and its types.

Body:

Write about the need of taxation – revenue generation, redistribution of income and wealth, encouraging savings and investments, promoting economic growth, controlling inflation, promoting social and economic development, promoting fairness and equity, addressing market failures, and stabilizing the economy. Cite statistics and examples to substantiate.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: Government Budgeting.

5. List the key announcements made in the Union Budget of 2023-24. In your opinion, does the budget strike a balance between its objectives of promoting growth through increased public investment and controlling the fiscal deficit? Comment. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Insights on India 

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the major announcements and potential of budget in balancing growth and fiscal stability.

Directive word: 

Comment– here we must express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin giving context of Union Budget of 2023-24.

Body:

In the first part, write about the major initiatives proposed in the Union Budget for 2023-24 – Atmanirbhar Clean Plant Program, Urban Infrastructure Development Fund (UIDF), Entity DigiLocker and Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana 4.0 etc.

Next, write the measures enumerated in the budget in order to promote growth.

Next, write about the measures proposed in order to contain deficit and achieve fiscal stability.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a balanced opinion on the overall nature of the budget.

 

Topic: money laundering and its prevention.

6. Cryptocurrencies have been associated with money laundering due to their perceived anonymity and lack of regulation. The inclusion of virtual digital assets in the Prevention of Money-laundering Act, 2002 is first step in tackling illicit activities via cryptocurrencies. However, there are major challenges in implementation of the same. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

In a gazette notification, the Finance Ministry said the anti-money laundering legislation has been applied to crypto trading, safekeeping and related financial services.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about cryptocurrencies and money laundering and ways to prevent it.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

In the first part, write about use of cryptocurrencies for money laundering and challenges associated with it – cryptocurrencies to launder money by converting illicit funds into cryptocurrency and then transferring them through various accounts to obscure the original source of the funds.

Next, write about the inclusion of cryptocurrency in PMLA,2002 and its implication. Write about the challenges in the enforcement of the same and suggest steps to overcome them.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: ethics – in private and public relationships

7. Maintaining ethical behaviour in personal relationships can be challenging, as emotions, desires, and expectations often come into play. But with effort and practice, healthy relationships can be built on integrity, mutual trust and respect. Discuss.

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Abstract Thursdays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Key demand of the question:

To write about building healthy personal relationships rooted in ethics.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by giving context.

Body:

Write about the challenges associated with maintaining ethical behaviour in personal relationships.

Next, write about the ways to overcome the above challenges – respecting others, being honest, communicating openly, setting healthy boundaries, and practicing empathy.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.


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