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Indian Diaspora: The roots of global success

GS Paper 2

Syllabus: International Relations –Indian Diaspora


Source: Business Standard

Context: In times when it is difficult for an immigrant to succeed, we notice the remarkable presence of Indians in the leadership of global organizations: IBM, Google, Microsoft, and now the World Bank.

TechnologyPlayed a crucial role in the development of Silicon ValleySundar Pichai, CEO of Google, Satya Nadella, CEO of Microsoft
MedicineLeading medical practitioners, researchers, and academicsDr Sanjay Gupta, CNN’s Chief Medical Correspondent, Dr Siddhartha Mukherjee, Pulitzer Prize-winning author
EntrepreneurshipFounders of successful startups and businessesVinod Khosla, co-founder of Sun Microsystems, Shantanu Narayen, CEO of Adobe, Indra Nooyi, former CEO of PepsiCo
ArtsAchieved global recognition for their creative worksMira Nair, film director, Ravi Shankar, musician, Padma Lakshmi, model, actress and author
LiteratureAward-winning authors, poets, and academicsSalman Rushdie, Booker Prize-winning author, Jhumpa Lahiri, Pulitzer Prize-winning author, Amitav Ghosh, literary critic and novelist
PoliticsElected officials and influential policymakersRishi Sunak (UK Prime Minister), Kamala Harris, Vice President of the United States, Nikki Haley, former Governor of South Carolina, Ami Bera, Congressman from California


Reasons behind this:

  • Education: Indians place a strong emphasis on education, and many Indian leaders have received top-notch education from prestigious institutions around the world
  • Diversity: This diversity has helped Indian leaders develop a broad perspective and a deep understanding of global issues.
  • Work Ethic
  • Networking: Indians have a strong network both within and outside the country,
  • Multilingual: Many Indians are multilingual, which has helped them communicate effectively with people from different countries and cultures.


Implications of its people having top leadership positions in global organizations for India:

  • Increased Global Influence
  • Reduce asymmetric informationand thus improve global engagement with India.
  • Improved Reputation
  • Economic Benefits
  • Access to Information
  • Capacity Building
  • National Pride


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Mains Link: UPSC 2017

Indian Diaspora has an important role to play in South East Asian countries’ economies and societies. Appraise the role of the Indian Diaspora in South-East Asia in this context.