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[MISSION 2023] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 06 March 2023

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent);

1. The high seas are of immense importance to the world’s ecosystem, economy, and society, and it is crucial that they are protected and managed effectively to ensure their continued health and sustainability. Discuss. (250 words).

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Down to EarthInsights on India

Why the question:

Governments meeting at the United Nations (UN) in New York City reached agreement on key substantive issues for a new Treaty to protect marine life in the high seas.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about high seas, their importance, threats faced by them and measures needed to protect them.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining high seas.

Body:

First, write about the importance of high seas – Natural resources, Biodiversity, Climate regulation, Navigation and trade and Scientific research etc.

Next, write about the major threats faced by them – illegal fishing, piracy, and the dumping of hazardous waste.

Next, write about the steps that needs to be taken in order to protect the high seas.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.


General Studies – 2


 

Topic:  Social empowerment

2. What is digital gender gap? The impact of the digital gender gap can be significant and far-reaching and requires concerted efforts to address this complex issue to promote greater gender equality and social progress. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Live MintInsights on India

Why the question:

According to a Unicef report, as many as 90% of the jobs in the world today have a digital component. These jobs, however, are available only to the digitally able, and to more men than women. According to the report, in developing countries, only 41% of women have access to the internet compared with 53% of men.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about digital gender gap, its impact and ways to address it.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining digital gender gap.

Body:

In the first part, write about the impact of digital gender gap on various parameters of social progress  – Economic inequality, Education, Social inequality, Health. Cite statistics to substantiate.

Next, write about the measures that are needed to overcome this digital gender gap in order to bridge the gender gap and social empowerment.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

Topic: Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.

3. Do you think that setting up of an “independent watchdog” to oversee the electoral bond system will ensure the much-needed transparency and accountability in the electoral bond scheme? Critically analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

Five years since the Union government launched the electoral bond scheme in 2018 despite certain objections by the Election Commission (EC), the then Chief Election Commissioner O P Rawat said the political funding scheme could be improved by appointing an “independent watchdog”.

Key Demand of the question:

To critically analyse the performance of electoral bonds and role of a independent watchdog in improving transparency.

Directive word: 

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving aims and objectives of introduction of electoral bonds.

Body:

In the first part, write about how this instrument of political party funding is aimed to ensure greater transparency by addressing the issue of anonymous financing. It sought to eliminate black money from the system.

Next, write about how they have increased opacity instead of increasing transparency and major issues associated with it.

Next, write about how the independent watchdog can herald transparency in the electoral bond scheme and also write its limitations.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward to improve transparency with respect to electoral bonds.

 

Topic: India and its neighborhood- relations.

4. BIMSTEC provides an opportunity for member countries to enhance regional cooperation and integration, which can lead to economic growth and development. Elaborate with a special emphasis on the renewable energy potential of the region. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Down to EarthInsights on India

Why the question:

The seven countries along the Bay of Bengal face several challenges in the energy sector, like access and security, despite having access to vast resources. India hosted the first meeting of Governing Board of BIMSTEC Energy Centre in Bengaluru.

Key Demand of the question: 

To write about various opportunities provided by BIMSTEC and its potential with respect to renewable energy sector.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by mentioning the mandate behind the launch of BIMSTEC.

Body:

First, write the about the various opportunities provided by BIMSTEC – Trade and Investment, Infrastructure Development, Tourism, Agricultural Development and People-to-People Contact etc.

Next, write about the potential of renewable energy in the BIMSTEC region – demand, potential, various sources and measures that are needed to harness it.

Conclusion:

Conclude writing a way forward to ensure holistic cooperation for mutual development of BIMSTEC.


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

5. What is national income? Throw light on various methods of computing national income. Explain the importance of national income as a key indicator of the economic health and well-being of a country. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about national income, its importance and methods to compute it.

Directive word: 

Explain Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining national income.

Body:

First, write about the various methods of computation of national income – Product Method, Income Method and Expenditure Method.

Next, write about the importance of national income as a macroeconomic parameter – Economic growth, Employment, Government revenue, International trade and Planning and policy-making etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

6. What are bio-computers? How do they work? Discuss the potential applications of this emerging technology across various fields. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

Scientists at Johns Hopkins University (JHU) recently outlined a plan for a potentially revolutionary new area of research called “organoid intelligence”, which aims to create “biocomputers”: where brain cultures grown in the lab are coupled to real-world sensors and input/output devices. The scientists expect the technology to harness the processing power of the brain and understand the biological basis of human cognition, learning, and various neurological disorders.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about bio-computers, the technology it works and its potential application.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining bio-computers.

Body:

First, write about the premise on which the above technology works.

Next, write about the potential applications of bio-computers – Medical diagnosis and treatment, Drug discovery and development, Environmental monitoring and remediation, Data processing and machine learning, Biometric security and authentication, Energy production and optimization, Neural interfaces and brain-computer interfaces, Industrial processes and manufacturing etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic:Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.

7. While hedonism has some appeal in its emphasis on pleasure and happiness, it also faces several significant critiques. Examine. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: newworldencyclopedia.org

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Philosophical Mondays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Key Demand of the question: 

write about hedonism and its critique.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by defining Hedonism.

Body:

Write about the appeal of Hedonism and its emphasis on pleasures and happiness.

Next, write a critique of hedonism – Hedonism can lead to immoral behaviour, Difficulty defining pleasure, Neglect of other important values and Hedonism can lead to addiction etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a balanced view on the above.


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