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Steps taken to boost the Indian tea industry

GS Paper 1

 Syllabus: Indian Geography, Cropping Pattern

 

Source: PIB

 

Context: India has taken several steps to boost the output, create a niche brand for Indian tea and ensure the welfare of the families associated with the tea industry.

  • Indian tea exports are expected to achieve more than 95% of its target of about US $ 900 million

 

Tea in India
AboutTea is a popular beverage made from the Camellia sinensis plant and is the second most consumed drink in the world.
OriginTea is believed to have originated in northeast India, north Myanmar, and southwest China, with evidence of consumption in China over 5,000 years ago.
Growth ConditionsTea requires a hot and humid climate, temperatures of 20°-30°C, and 150-300 cm of well-distributed annual rainfall. It grows well in slightly acidic soil with porous subsoil in the hill ranges.
Health BenefitsTea consumption can promote health and wellness due to its anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and weight-loss effects.
International Tea DayIt is observed on May 21st every year and was designated by the United Nations General Assembly in December 2019.
ProductionIndia is the second-largest producer of tea globally (largest black tea producer), with the majority of its annual tea production coming from Assam and West Bengal. The southern part of India also produces tea.
ConsumptionIndia is among the world’s top tea-consuming countries, with 80% of its production consumed domestically.
ExportIndia is 4th largest tea exporter globally and exports to over 25 countries. The majority of tea exported is black tea, with Darjeeling, Assam, and Nilgiri tea being among the finest in the world.
Geographical Indication (GI) TagDarjeeling tea, known as the “Champagne of teas,” was the first GI tag product.
RegulatorThe Tea Board of India (a statutory body under the Ministry of Commerce) is responsible for developing and promoting the tea industry in India.

·         HQ: Kolkata, formed in 1953

·         Foreign Offices: Dubai and Moscow

EmploymentIndian tea Industry is employing 1.16 million workers directly and an equal number of people are associated with it indirectly

 

 

Initiatives by the Tea Board of India:

  • Promotion for packaged Tea of Indian origin: Financial reimbursement – up to 25% of the cost is given
    • Speciality Tea Logos are displayed prominently at all important forums and events
  • Subsidies for Domestic Exporters to participate in International Fairs and Exhibitions.
  • Tea Development and Promotion Scheme ( period of 2021-26): To enhance the productivity and quality of production in India through— Plantation development of small tea farmers; Supporting the tea producers and traders in market promotion activities; Worker’s welfare; Online Licensing System; Chai Sahyog Mobile App
  • Formation of 352 Self Help Groups (SHG), 440 Farmer Producer Organisations (FPO) and 17Farmer Producer Companies (FPCs)
  • The assistance of education stipend to the wards of Small Tea Growers

 

 

Conclusion: You can write the keyword “AROMA” for Tea promotion:

‘AROMA’

  • A= Assistance to small growers
  • R= Re-energise to create infrastructure and augment exports and focus on high-value markets
  • O= Organic: Promote organic and GI tea
  • M= Modernisation: Strengthen local supply chains.
  • A= Adaptability: Make tea plantations meet the challenges of climate change.

Insta Links

Mindmap: Tea Industry in India

 

Mains Links

Q.Tea industry is facing a number of problems resulting in low production of tea and tea leaves. Examine. (250 Words)

 

Prelims Links

With reference to the “Tea Board” in India, consider the following statements: ( UPSC 2022)

  1. The Tea Board is a statutory body.
  2. It is a regulatory body attached to the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare.
  3. The Tea Board’s Head Office is situated in Bengaluru.
  4. The Board has overseas offices in Dubai and Moscow.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

(a) 1 and 3
(b) 2 and 4
(c) 3 and 4
(d) 1 and 4

Ans: D

 

Consider the following States: ( UPSC 2022)

  1. Andhra Pradesh
  2. Kerala
  3. Himachal Pradesh
  4. Tripura

How many of the above are generally known as tea-producing States?

(a) Only one State
(b) Only two States
(c) Only three States
(d) All four States

 

Ans: C

 

According to the Tea Board of India Annual Report 2019-2020, generally known tea producing States are Assam, Tripura, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and Himachal Pradesh.