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[MISSION 2023] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 02 March 2023

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.

1. The Imphal-Kohima campaign is considered a significant turning point of the second world war in the Far East region. Throw light on India’s contribution to the world war-II. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

The second world war drew in soldiers and contributions from around the world. Indian blood was spilled in Europe, as it was in Africa, West Asia and Asia

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the Imphal-Kohima campaign as part of world was-II and India’s contribution to it.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

First, write about the significance of Imphal-Kohima campaign – it marked the beginning of the end of Japanese expansion in the region and other outcomes of this battle and it saw the Indian National Army fighting alongside the British Indian Army for the first time etc.

Next, write about the immense participation and contribution of Indian soldiers in the world war-II. Write about the other contributions of India in the world war-II. Give statistics to substantiate.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: Social empowerment

2. There are a number of barriers that can prevent women from achieving equality in the workplace. Analyse. What measures must be taken in order to address these barriers and create a more equitable and inclusive workplace for women? (250 words)

Difficulty level: East

Reference: Live Mint , Insights on India

Why the question:

As the labour market currently stands, our female labour force participation rate (FLFPR) is one of the lowest in the world (by World Bank data). Further, it remains in declining mode, having fallen from 30.5% in 2000 to 21.1% in 2019, and 18.6% in 2020, by International Labour Organisation figures

Key Demand of the question:

To write about causes for declining female labour force participation rate (FLFPR), its impact and measures needed to overcome it.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving statistic regarding declining female labour force participation rate (FLFPR) in India despite high growth.

Body:

In the first part, mention the economic causes behind declining female labour force participation rate (FLFPR) – educational enrolment of young women, lack of employment opportunities, effect of household income on participation etc.

Next, mention the social causes behind declining female labour force participation rate (FLFPR) – educational attainment, fertility rates and the age of marriage, Social norms, Violence etc.

Next, write about the impact of the above and suggest steps to overcome the same.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

3. India’s presidency of the G20 (Group of Twenty) provides several opportunities for the country to strengthen its global leadership and contribute to shaping the global economic agenda. Elaborate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the opportunities provided by the G20 presidency for India.

Directive word: 

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

First, in detail, write about the opportunities provided by the G20 presidency for India – Economic growth, tackling climate change, Digital economy, International trade, Global health and demonstrate its leadership on the global stage etc. Cite examples and facts to substantiate.

Next, write about the steps that India must take to leverage the above opportunities.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

4. ASEAN is an important partner for India in many areas, including economic, strategic, regional security, and diaspora ties. Examine the various obstacles in their partnership. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To understand the role of strategic partnership with ASEAN and its mutual benefits and limitations for both sides.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by mentioning the historic engagement of India-ASEAN relationship.

Body:

Bring out the importance of geographical proximity of the ASEAN countries and its strategic, security and economic implications to India. Also mention about the sociocultural dynamics, mobilisation of group level funds and promotion of domestic infrastructure projects based on few examples.

Next, write about the inter-link between India’s Indo-Pacific strategy works in tandem with its Act East Policy.

Next, write about various obstacles in their partnership and its implications of the above on India.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stating that a good relation with ASEAN nations is crucial for India, in order for India to look beyond its neighbours, in its global diplomatic journey.

 

Topic: Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.

5. How are the Election Commissioners appointed in India? There have been calls for an independent mechanism for appointment of Election Commissioners outside the exclusive power of the government. Do you think there is a need for it? Comment.  (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

A Constitution Bench on Thursday is scheduled to pronounce its judgment on petitions seeking an “independent mechanism for appointment of Election Commissioners” outside the exclusive power of the government.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the process of appointment of Election commissioners and need for a independent body to appoint them.

Directive word: 

Comment– here we must express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by writing about Article 324 to 329.

Body:

First, write about the mechanism of appointment of election commissioners in India.

Next, write about the various issues in the appointment of election commissioners in India – fast pace, opaque, no proper criteria, no discussions etc.

Next, write about the need for an independent mechanism for appointment of Election Commissioners. Write about its pros and cons.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a balanced opinion.


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

6. List the actions that the government has taken to combat plastic pollution in the nation. Do you believe that a globally binding agreement on plastics and plastic pollution is the best course of action to deal with this menace? State your opinion. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Down to Earth

Why the question:

The plastic consumption across G20 countries is expected to nearly double by 2050, according to a new report. The volume of plastic consumed across the G20 countries will grow to 451 million tonnes by 2050 from 261 million tonnes in 2019, the report Peak Plastics: Bending the Consumption Curve published February 26, 2023 showed.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about India’s measures against plastic pollution and the need for a legally binding global treaty on plastics and plastic pollution.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving statistic about level of plastic in India and globally.

Body:

In the first part, write about measures taken by India – notified phasing out of selected single-use plastic items from July 1, 2022. It has also notified the draft EPR regulations in the subcontinent, which focus on collection targets, recycling targets, reuse and use of recycled content in packaging etc.

Next, write about the pros and cons of having a legally binding global treaty on plastics and plastic pollution.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a balanced opinion on legally binding global treaty on plastics and plastic pollution.


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions

7. Resolving an ethical dilemma can be a complex process but it is important to continually reflect on and reassess your decisions and actions to ensure that they align with your ethical values and principles. Analyse.

Difficulty level: Tough

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Abstract Thursdays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Key demand of the question:

To write about the ways to resolve an ethical dilemma and reflect on it to ensure the solutions is ethical in nature.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by defining an ethical dilemma.

Body:

Write about the complex process behind resolving an ethical dilemma – Identify the problem, Identify stakeholders, Evaluate options and take action.

Next, write about need to reflect upon your action to consider what you learned from the experience and ensure you made the ethically right choice.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.


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