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EDITORIAL ANALYSIS : Under India’s presidency, a people’s G20


Source: Indian Express


  • Prelims: Current events of international importance, G20, Global south, Inflation etc.
  • Mains GS Paper II & III: Significance of G20 countries, Bilateral, regional and global grouping and agreements involving India or affecting India’s interests.



  • India has assumed the prestigious G20 presidency and will, later this year, convene the G20 Leaders’ Summit.

Current Affairs





  • The G20 is an informal group:19 countries and the European Union, with representatives of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank.
  • The G20 Presidency rotates annually: according to a system that ensures a regional balance over time.
  • For the selection of the presidency: 19 countries are divided into 5 groups, each having no more than 4 countries.
    • The presidency rotates between each group.
  • Every year the G20 selects a country from another group to be president.
    • India is in Group 2 which also has Russia, South Africa, and Turkey.
  • The G20 does not have a permanent secretariat or Headquarters.


Key facets of the government:

  • People’s participation
  • people-centric governance
  • people-oriented policies
  • people-led development — a model that traverses from jan bhagidari to jan kalyan.
  • 45 crore Jan Dhan accounts
  • 11 crore Swachh Bharat toilets
  • 220 crore Covid vaccination doses under the largest free vaccination
  • Housing for the poor under PM Awas Yojana
  • 9 crore Ujjwala gas connections
  • Affordable healthcare for all under Ayushman Bharat covering 50 crore Indians
  • Jan hit and jan kalyan, or people’s welfare, has been the guiding philosophy
  • Jan bhagidari being the key component of PM Modi’s governance style.
  • Padma Awards has been recast as the “People’s Padma Awards” by making the process more participatory and transparent


How will the G20 be conducted?

  • India will host over 200 meetings in 56 locations across the length and breadth of the country.
    • Most of them confined the meetings to their capital city or perhaps a few additional locations.
  • India will showcase the country’s tourism prospects


Advantages of holding G20 meet in different parts of country:

  • It reflects a decentralized and cooperative federalism approach to broad base the G20 presidency and make every state
  • Every part of India will feel to be a vital stakeholder in this massive international exercise.
  • Opportunity for states and cities to showcase their rich and diverse cultural heritage and spruce up its landscape and infrastructural inventory.


India’s G20 agenda:

  • Green growth
  • Digital transition and sustainable progress (for which this author has coined the acronym GDP)
  • Reinforces how this could truly be a “People’s G20”
  • Transform forum for international economic cooperation into a forum for people-to-people cooperation.


Achievements by India:

  • India is exceeding its targets for cutting greenhouse gas emissions and is quickly adopting green technology.
  • India’s carbon emissions had reduced by 24 percent by 2016 as compared to 2005 levels.
  • India is setting new targets for itself — to achieve 50 percent cumulative electric power installed capacity from non-fossil fuel-based energy resources by 2030 and achieve net zero emissions by 2070, among others.
  • The Prime Minister LiFElifestyle for the environment movement — has the potential to reverberate globally.


Present Global economic uncertainty, driven by:

  • impact of the Covid pandemic
  • exacerbated by the Ukraine-Russia conflict
  • high inflation
  • rising debt burden
  • rising food and energy prices


Way Forward

  • The G20 presidency is a watershed moment in India’s history, the history of G20 too will script a new chapter by moving away from a “protocol-driven G20” to a “People’s G20”.
  • Recognising genuine grassroots leaders rather than those with proximity to power corridors.
    • It would be entirely appropriate to use this jan bhagidari-jan hit template to analyze how the G20 presidency of India would play itself out, both in its conduct and impact.
  • The government has translated the G20 India theme of “Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam” into practical reality by going in for an “all of government” or “Team India” approach.
  • JAM trinity, has brought about socio-economic transformation of its citizenry by using digital technology
    • New paradigm for efficient and transparent delivery.
  • Open-source platforms, including the Covid-19 vaccination registration and UPI, which reached a record 82(seven point eight two)billion transactions in December 2022, are models that other countries can replicate.
  • India’s G20 presidency offers a ray of hope by not just articulating the voice of the “Global South” but by providing leadership.
    • A clear roadmap and financial resources to bring the world back on a definitive path to achieve the sustainable development goals (SDGs).
  • India’s own domestic experience in lifting a huge mass of people out of poverty and food insecurity adds credible experience to its global efforts in this direction.
  • By putting people at the front and center of its G20 efforts, India’s presidency may well turn out to be the “Setu of Solidarity” that can bridge an increasingly fragmented world and steer it towards “One Earth, One Family and One Future”.



The long sustained image of India as a leader of the oppressed and marginalized nations has disappeared on account of its new found role in the emerging global order.’ Elaborate(UPSC 2019) (200 WORDS, 10 MARKS)