GS Paper 1
Syllabus: Post Independence: State reorganization
Context: Demand by various groups and organizations for newer states has always been in the news. Recently, TIPRA Motha Party demanded a separate state of Greater Tipraland.
|Required||· Improves economic efficiency: Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand performed better than MP and Bihar in the 10th Five-Year Plan.
· There are too many big states – by area, Rajasthan, UP, MP, Bihar, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Gujarat, Odisha, and even Bengal are all too big to be administered with efficiency
· There is enough evidence to suggest that smaller states mostly tend to do better. E.g: If UP were a separate country, it would be the fourth largest by population. But its per capita GDP is closer to Kenya’s.
· Local needs and demands are taken into account
· Linguistic and cultural homogeneity makes governance easier.
· Facilitates decentralization and decision-making are devolved into smaller regions.
· Good governance requires lesser government and quicker government, which is possible in smaller states.
|Not required||· The creation of more states equates to more inter-state disputes and increases complexities. For example, Telangana asked for a re-assessment of the award of the Krishna Tribunal.
· Smaller states do not necessarily mean better governance. For instance, larger states like Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra have progressed better economically than smaller states.
· The creation of smaller states does not per se result in democratic decentralization. Rather, it can cause a concentration of power in the hands of a few.
· It requires huge funds as seen in the establishment of Amravati as the capital of Andhra Pradesh.
· Smaller states respond better and faster is a myth. For instance, the Uttarakhand floods showed the inadequacy of a small state in responding.
· It can result in the hegemony of dominant castes or religions.
Various committee recommendations:
- Dhar Commission
- JVP Committee
- State Reorganization Commission (Fazal Ali Commission)
- States Reorganization Act 1956
Mains Link: UPSC 2018
Q. Discuss whether the formation of new states in recent times is beneficial or not for the economy of India?