Print Friendly, PDF & Email

[MISSION 2023] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 14 February 2023

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

MISSION – 2023: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

Join IPM 4.0 to get an assured review of 2 secure answers everyday


General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

1. How did the green revolution affect agriculture, and what factors hindered the adoption of High Yielding Varieties (HYV) across India? Examine the reasons for various disparities in Indian agriculture due to green revolution.

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

Agriculture in green revolution states cannot be saved unless a substantial part of rice cultivation is moved from there to eastern states. And that can be done only when the State builds robust ecosystems for alternative crops as it had done for rice and wheat.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the pros and cons of green revolution in India. Also, to write about the constraints on spread of HYV and disparities created by it.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context of introduction of HYV in India in the face of acute food crisis leading to the green revolution.

Body:

In the first part, write about the pros and cons of the green revolution. The HYV technology increased agricultural output manifold, increase in yield of crops, fast adoption, modern equipment, self-sufficiency etc. Cons like disparities, ecological impact, use of chemical fertiliser etc.

Next part, write about the constraints that limited the spread of HYV – irrigation, lack of farmer’s knowledge, unsatisfactory land tenure system etc.

Next, write about the various disparities created by the green revolution in agriculture.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising the overall impact of the green revolution in India.


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

2. Article 32 of the Indian Constitution provides a remedy for the protection of fundamental rights, granting the Supreme Court the power to issue writs in cases where the fundamental rights of a citizen have been infringed. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the role of SC in safeguarding fundamental rights under article 32.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by giving a brief about article 32.

Body:

First, in detail, about the role of the SC as the “guarantor” and “defender” of the fundamental rights.

Next, write in detail about the various types of writs and the purposes behind it. Substantiate using examples and SC case to show how writs are used to protect fundamental rights.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising and giving views of various scholars regarding it.

 

Topic: Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

3. Explain the classification and criticism of the Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSPs). Do you think some of the DPSPs must be made justiciable? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the concept of DPSP and their classification while commenting on their criticism and making it justiciable.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by explaining what DPSP’s are.

Body:

First, in detail, Discuss the Directive Principles of State Policy, its importance in the Indian Constitution and the history of its conflict with Fundamental Rights.

Next, classify them in detail; Socialistic Principles, Gandhian Principles and Liberal-Intellectual Principles.

Next, write in detail about the criticisms against it. Comment on making certain DPSPs as justiciable and scope for it.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising and giving a balanced view on DPSPs.

 

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

4. It is crucial to prioritize addressing the inter-state disparities in providing safe and sufficient drinking water under the Jal Jeevan Mission, and to establish sustainable infrastructure to achieve this goal. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu , Insights on India

Why the question:

In the Budget address, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman apportioned ₹69,684 crore, a 27% increase, from the ₹54,808 crore from the revised estimates of financial year 2022.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the shortcomings of Jal Jeevan Mission and suggest measures to improve its performance.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by writing about the aims and objectives of Jal Jeevan Mission.

Body:

First, write about the various achievements of Jal Jeevan Mission. Substantiate with facts and figures.

Next, write about the various shortcomings of Jal Jeevan Mission in ensuring availability of safe drinking water.

Next, suggest ways to overcome the limitations.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.

5. The Competition Amendment Bill (2023) aims to prevent anti-competitive trade practices and hold violators accountable, thereby creating a system that fosters competition and fair-trade practises. Evaluate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Live Mint

Why the question:

Based on recommendations made by a parliamentary panel in December 2022, the government has tweaked its proposed amendments to India’s competition law and is set to introduce the Competition Amendment Bill (2023 Bill) in Parliament.

Key Demand of the question:  

To write about the potential and limitations of the Competition (Amendment) Bill, 2023 in ensuring the fair and competitive trade.

Directive word:

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidence.  You must appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming an opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by mentioning the objectives behind Competition (Amendment) Bill, 2023.

Body:

First, write in detail the major features of the Competition (Amendment) Bill, 2023.

Next, write about the positive aspects of the bill in broadening the scope of ‘anti-competitive agreements’ and ensuring fair and competitive trade practise. Write about the provisions for impositions of penalties.

Next, write about the limitations of the bill.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 

Topic: Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

6.  India has implemented certain measures to achieve self-sufficiency in defence production. Suggest additional steps that could be taken to attain greater levels of localization in indigenous defence production while promoting defence exports. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The perception of the biennial expo Aero India has changed and today it is India’s strength and not just a show that not only showcases the scope of the defence industry but also the self-confidence of India, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said on Monday while setting a target to take defence exports from $1.5 bn to $5 bn by 2024-25.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the measures taken by India in becoming self-reliant in defence production. And suggest measures of what more can be done.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by showing data or facts about India’s defence sector.

Body:

First, write about India’s spending on defence and how self-reliance is important in this sector.

Next, write about measures taken by India – Make in India, Defence procurement from indigenous manufacturers etc. How far they have been successful?

Next, write about the issues hovering indigenous defence industry and what measures can be taken to tackle them.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a forward.


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity;

7. Organizations that comply with integrity, transparency, and honesty standards demonstrate probity, which is a crucial manifestation of ethical conduct. Discuss. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Conceptual Tuesdays’ in Mission-2023. Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about importance of probity for an organisation.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining what is Probity.

Body:

Argue on the lines that for a moral society, it is necessary for all the stakeholders- the government, the corporate and the civil society must express the highest levels of probity in public life. Congruence and alignment of morality among the stakeholders is a major prerequisite to ensure a harmonious and ethic al existence of all the players promoting a just society. Illustrate the same with suitable examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude by saying that Probity is one of the main pillars for a just society.


Join our Official Telegram Channel HERE

Please subscribe to Our podcast channel HERE

Subscribe to our YouTube ChannelHERE

Follow our Twitter Account HERE

Follow our Instagram ID HERE  

Follow us on LinkedIn : HERE