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How is the government ramping up border infrastructure?

GS Paper 3

Syllabus: Security Challenges and their Management in Border Areas


Source: TH


Context: According to India’s External Affairs Minister, the government’s recent border infrastructure projects focus on the north and east along India’s 3,488 km border with China (or LAC).



  • Reports claim that Indian forces have lost access to 26 of 65 patrolling points along the LAC since 2020.
  • The timing is crucial because of the upcoming meetings of the G-20 Foreign Ministers and the Foreign Ministers of the SCO


About the projects:

  • Ramping up infrastructure in Ladakh, HP, UK, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh.
    • Many of these projects which have been in the pipeline for several decades have been expedited.
    • For example, the length of roads constructed in the China border areas (6,806 km between 2014 to 2022) is almost double the length constructed from 2008-2014.
  • Projects connecting India to “friendly” neighbouring states such as Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal and Myanmar.
    • Improving cross-border connectivity via highways, bridges, inland waterways, railroads, electricity lines and fuel pipelines.
    • Modernising and constructing integrated check posts (ICPs) at all the border crossings to smooth trade.
    • Funding and constructing infrastructure projects. For example,


Need for ramping up the border infrastructure:

  • Strategic reasons: Successive skirmishes with the Chinese PLA in Chumar in 2014, Doklam in 2017, and the Galwan clashes in 2020.
  • Border preparedness: To update the quality of structures, the technology involved and their maintenance.


Insta Links:

Major upgrade for India infrastructure along LAC


Mains Links:

Q. Analyse internal security threats and transborder crimes along Myanmar, Bangladesh and Pakistan borders including the Line of Control (LoC). Also, discuss the role played by various security forces in this regard. (UPSC 2020)