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The Parliamentary committee report on the earth sciences ministry

GS Paper 2

 Syllabus: Structure, Organization, and Functioning of the Ministries and Departments of the Government


Source: DTE


Context: According to a Parliamentary committee report, the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) made progress but has been ‘sluggish’ on a few counts.


Progress report of MoES:

Establishing District Agro-meteorological Field Units (DAMU)●        Improve the quality of weather services for farmers

●        IMD targets to set up 660 DAMUs by 2025

In 2021-22, 3 DAMUs were established (at Kupwara in J&K, Almora, and Pithoragarh in the UK), however, the target was 20.
Installing and commissioning Doppler Weather Radars (DWR)●        Can predict extreme weather events

●        The entire country will be covered by DWR Network by 2025

So far, only six DWRs have been installed in Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu, Leh, and Aya Nagar in Delhi
Installing Automatic Weather Stations (AWS), Climate Reference stations, and X-band radarsStudy cloud development and light precipitationCurrently, 727 AWSs exist and the ministry is procuring more to realise its target
Polar studies●        Need to replace or upgrade the Maitri Station in Antarctica, which was set up in 1988.

●        The committee hopes the proposed new Station – Maitri-II, will be completed on time.

Delay in acquiring a polar research vessel (PRV), which was approved in 2010.




Major schemes of MoES:


Way ahead:

  • To revisit its performance in terms of the realization of physical targets set under various
  • As acquiring the funds has been challenging, getting in-principle approval from the Department of Expenditure for different initiatives.