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[MISSION 2023] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 6 February 2023

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography.

1. Discuss the various divisions of northern plains of India.  Write about their geomorphological characteristics and their economic importance.  (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the regional divisions in the northern plains, its geomorphological features and significance.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by mentioning about Northern Plains of India and their composition.

Body:

In the first part of the body, bring forth the regional divisions: Sindh Plain, Rajasthan Plain, Punjab Plain, Ganga Plain, Brahmaputra Plain, Ganga – Brahmaputra Delta and explain them briefly.

In the next part, bring out the geomorphological features such as The Bhabar, The Terai, The Bhangar, The Khadar, Reh or Kollar and explain them briefly.

In the final part, mention about the significance such as Agriculture, Toursim, Soil profile, Ecology and cultural aspects etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography.

2. The Indian monsoon is an important part of the global monsoon system. Account of changing patterns of Indian monsoon over the subcontinents and bring out its impact.  (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference:  Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about importance of monsoon for India and causes for its variation.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by introducing Indian monsoon and its importance briefly.

Body:

First, write in detail about the overall importance of Indian monsoon.

Start by briefly mentioning about mechanism of the monsoon and the reasons for fluctuations in Indian monsoon according to the seasons. Divide the answer in to various months and how monsoon varies with it. Use a diagram to explain it more systematically. Do include the Western Disturbances, Somali Jet Streams, Easterly Jet streams etc, climate change. Write about its impact.

Next, write about the impact of the above.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward to deal with excess and well as deficit of monsoonal rain.


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.

3. Discuss the powers and functions of SEBI. What are the major issues faced by the regulatory body for securities and commodity market in India? Suggest reforms that are needed in its functioning.  (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Live Mint

Why the question:

Global suspicions that the Adani rout caught Indian regulators either dozing or looking away may prove costly for our economy.

Key Demand of the question: 

To write about the functions and power of SEBI, issues faced by it and possible solutions.

Directive word:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Introduction: 

Begin by writing about the aims and objectives of SEBI.

Body:

First, write about the major powers and functions of SEBI – quasi-legislative, quasi-judicial and quasi-executive. It drafts regulations in its legislative capacity, it conducts investigation and enforcement action in its executive function and it passes rulings and orders in its judicial capacity.

Next, write about the major issues faced by SEBI in its functioning – lack of independence, reactive approach, insufficient oversight etc. Cite examples.

Next, write about the measures that are needed to improve the performance of SEBI.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Government Budgeting.

4. What is the ecosystem required to grow and sustain mangrove forests? Examine the various threats faced by the mangrove ecosystem. Throw light on MISHTI (Mangrove Initiative for Shoreline Habitats & Tangible Incomes) initiative for mangrove preservation and conservation as announced in the recent budget. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduInsights on India.

Why the question:

MISHTI is a new programme that will facilitate mangrove plantation along India’s coastline and on salt pan lands. The programme will operate through “convergence between MGNREGS, Campa Fund and other sources,”

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the conditions to grow mangrove ecosystem, threats faced by them and MISHTI initiative.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin the answer by briefly writing about mangroves and their ecosystem.

Body:

First, write about the condtions that are required to grow and sustain mangrove ecosystem and their importance. first line of defense against erosion and flooding. Also mention about the other ecological benefits of mangroves as well as its unique flora and fauna.

Next, write about the various types of natural and anthropogenic threats faced by mangroves. Coastal development, clearing for agriculture, excessive Aquaculture &Salt Production, River changes: Dams and irrigation, Destruction of coral reefs, Pollution and Climate change etc. Cite necessary examples, facts and figures to substantiate your point.

Next, write about the MISHTI initiative – its features and how it will protect the mangrove ecosystem.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

5. Climate change is likely to increase the potential of hydropower generation in India but it has associated risks. India needs to take a well-balanced approach towards clean energy sources for sustainable development. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduThe Hindu

Why the question:

Based on observations and climate projections, a two-member team from IIT Gandhinagar studied the hydroclimatic changes in the catchment areas and their implications for hydropower generation in 46 major dams located in north, central and south India.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the impact of climate change on hydropower potential, opportunities and risks associated with it and need for a balanced approach on clean energy.

Directive word:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining hydroelectric energy and give the statistic highlighting extent of it being generated in India.

Body:

First, write about the possible impact of climate change on hydropower generation and how it will lead to hydroclimatic changes in the catchment areas. Write about the various opportunities and risks associated with the same.

Next, write about the need to have well balanced approach of all clean energy sources – Solar, Atomic, Wind, Biomass, hydrogen, Bio mass etc in order to have sustainable development.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

Topic: Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

6. Explain the various types of subatomic particles that make up an atom. What are the technological applications of cosmic-ray muons? (150 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Indian Expresswikipedia.org

Why the question:

As per a new study, researchers are examining the fortress wall of Xi’an, an ancient city in China, by using tiny outer space particles that can penetrate hundreds of metres of stone surfaces. Known as muons, these particles have helped them find small density anomalies, which are potential safety hazards, inside the wall.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about sub-atomic particles and application of muons.

Directive word: 

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by defining subatomic particles.

Body:

First, in brief, explain about the various types of subatomic particles – quarks, leptons: electron, electron neutrino, muon, muon neutrino, tau, tau neutrino, gauge bosons (force carriers) and The Higgs boson.

Next, write about the applications of technological applications of cosmic-ray muons across diverse fields such as nuclear physics, medicine, archaeology, disaster management etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.

7. Examine the relevance of Rawls’ theory of justice in the present day. (150 word)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: stanford.edu

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Philosophical Mondays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

Using the metaphor of the moral compass to describe conscience, our inner sense of right and wrong offers a framework to guide our actions.

Directive:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by explaining Rawls’ theory of justice.

Body:

First, explain in detail the various components of Rawl’s theory of justice.

Next, use examples to cite its contemporary relevance. Mention in what ways it is relevant and what ways it can be applied to present day situations in India and across the world.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a balanced way forward.


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