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[MISSION 2023] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 1 February 2023

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Role of women and women’s organization

1. Self-Help Groups (SHGs) empower women and make them self-reliant by inculcating the habit of savings and proper use of financial resources. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Down to EarthInsights on India

Why the question:

The Economic Survey 2022-2023, presented by the Union finance minister to Parliament January 31, has a special mention of India’s little-known but high-impact banking operation: the women-led self-help groups (SHG) disbursing billions of rupees every year.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the role of SHGs in women empowerment and suggest innovative measures to improve their performance.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by defining SHGs and the origin and growth of the SHG movement in India.

Body:

First, write about the role played by the SHGs in women empowerment – breaking chains of poverty, collective action, self-employment and financial independence and credit disbursal etc.

Next, write about the various factors which have constrained SHGs from realising their full potential e.g. use of funds for personal use, lack of awareness, digital divide, and lack of financial literacy.

Suggest innovative measures to overcome these- e.g. establishing credit counselling centres in districts.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography.

2. An earthquake is the sudden movement of Earth’s crust at a fault line. Elaborate. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about mechanism of natural earthquakes.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining an Earthquake.

Body:

In first part, give a brief about the mechanism of an earthquake and how it occurs. Tectonic plates are constantly shifting as they drift around on the viscous, or slowly flowing, mantle layer below. Mention how this results in a earthquake. Draw a neat representative diagram to for better representation.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing about the importance of preparedness to deal with earthquakes.

 

Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography.

3. When the air in equatorial areas becomes warmer and less dense than the surrounding air, it rises to be replaced by air flowing in from other, cooler areas. Discuss the various factors responsible for the formation of global wind belts.  (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about factors affecting horizontal movement of air, causes behind wind belts and their distribution.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context regarding wind belts.

Body:

First, draw a neat labelled diagram showing the global distribution of various wind belts and explain each belt in detail. The three major global wind belts are polar easterlies, westerlies, and trade winds.

Next, explain the factors that lead to the development of pressures belts – Atmospheric Pressure Gradient, Coriolis Effect, Frictional Force etc, Earth’s revolution, Seasonal variations.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: India and its neighbourhood- relations.

4. As the world’s largest democracy, India desires a stable and prosperous Myanmar where democracy flourishes. But India has to prioritise its own economic and strategic interests in Myanmar. Critically examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The Hindu , Insights on India

Why the question:

Myanmar today remains pessimistic about its future. Exactly two years ago, the military staged yet another coup, snatching power from the elected leaders. It derailed the limited democracy of the previous decade, violating the 2008 constitution which the generals had given to the people.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the importance of Myanmar to India’s foreign policy and steps needed put Myanmar back on a democratic path.

Directive word: 

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin giving context regarding Indo-Myanmar relations.

Body:

In the first part, mention about the importance of Myanmar to India’s foreign policy. Throw light on economic and strategic significance, act east policy of India etc.

Next, write the various options to ensure the return of democracy in Myanmar. Using U.N and ASEAN, Bilateral diplomacy etc.

Next, write about the other measures of outreach that must be explored by India for a successful Act east policy.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

5. Throw light on key take aways from the Economic Survey 2022-23. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduThe Hindu

Why the question:

Painting an exuberant picture of the Indian economy’s prospects thanks to “New Age” reforms undertaken since 2014, the Economic Survey tabled by Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman in Parliament on Tuesday asserted that not only are the pandemic-induced blues over, but the outlook for the years ahead is also rosier than in the pre-COVID years.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the key takeaways from Economic Survey 2022-23.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

Write about the major finding from the Economic Survey 2022-23 on the flowing aspects – State of economy, post pandemic recovery, inflation, deficits, External vulnerabilities and other various macro-economic parameters.

Next, write about the major concerns mentioned in the survey and measures that are needed to tackle them.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

6. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“Good means not merely not to do wrong, but rather not to desire to do wrong.” ― Democritus

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Quotes Wednesdays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote and highlighting its core meaning.

Body:

Write about goodness is not only the absence of a wrongness of action but it is absence of wrong intentions/desires. Presence of wrong desires can lead to a wrong action.

Next, write a counter argument that merely having desires may not lead to bad actions. Cite examples to substantiate.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the importance of the quote.

 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

7. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“Useless laws weaken the necessary laws.” ―  Montesquieu

Difficulty level: Tough

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Quotes Wednesdays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote and highlighting its core meaning.

Body:

Write about the futility of enacting laws that are needed and how they weaken existing laws or the laws that are actually needed. Mention the impact of enacting laws that are not needed. Cite examples to substantiate.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the importance of the quote.


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