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An earthquake is the sudden movement of Earth’s crust at a fault line. Elaborate.

Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography.

2. An earthquake is the sudden movement of Earth’s crust at a fault line. Elaborate. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about mechanism of natural earthquakes.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining an Earthquake.

Body:

In first part, give a brief about the mechanism of an earthquake and how it occurs. Tectonic plates are constantly shifting as they drift around on the viscous, or slowly flowing, mantle layer below. Mention how this results in a earthquake. Draw a neat representative diagram to for better representation.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing about the importance of preparedness to deal with earthquakes.