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To make political independence more meaningful, there were certain weaknesses in the Indian social structure which needed to be strengthened. Discuss the statement in the context of Gandhiji’s constructive programme.

Topic: The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

1. To make political independence more meaningful, there were certain weaknesses in the Indian social structure which needed to be strengthened. Discuss the statement in the context of Gandhiji’s constructive programme. (250 Words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Indian Express (Gandhi in Amrit Kaal (by Shyam Saran)), TOI

Why the question:

Today is the 75th death anniversary of Gandhiji

Key Demand of the question:

To show the weakness of Indian society in that period and how Gandhiji tried to achieve social freedom along with political one.

Directive word: 

Discuss: This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

You may begin by writing:

Centuries of  British colonial rule destroyed the intricacies of Indian social structure, it created fissures in communal harmony, strengthened caste rigidities and criminalized tribals, to highlight a few. Gandhiji tried to address these

Body:

Next briefly write about the major weaknesses of Indian society e.g. religious conflict, untouchability, Education, economic disparity etc.

Next, write about Gandhi’s constructive program in different spheres (as shown in the image below)

Describe a few with examples.

Conclusion:

You may write:

Most of the weaknesses still exist, though in different forms and even today India needs Constructive programmes 2.0 to uplift several sections of society from poverty, illiteracy and discrimination and achieve true political independence.