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[MISSION 2023] SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 25 January 2023

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.

1. Simon Bolivar was a soldier and statesman who led the revolutions against Spanish rule and was at the forefront of Latin American independence movement. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: History of modern world by Jain & Mathur

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the contributions of Simon Bolivar to Latin American independence.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving brief description of Simon Bolivar – who is known as The Liberator.

Body:

First write about the political philosophy of Simon Bolivar and that penned two political treatises—the Cartagena Manifesto and the Letter from Jamaica.

Next write about his military achievements – encouraging the people of South America to rebel against Spanish colonial rule, leading multiple expeditionary forces against the Spaniards, liberated territories etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising that his contributions earned him the epithet – The Liberator from the Latin American people.

 

Topic: History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.

2. Although independence was achieved, but many newly independent African states went through a period political crisis leading rise of autocrats and economic stagnation leading to severe hunger and poverty. To what extent, can the colonists be blamed for post-independence crises in Africa? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: History of modern world by Jain & Mathur

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question: 

To write about the problems faced by African nations after independence, and the role played by the Colonialism in their misery.

Introduction: 

Introduce the answer by writing about decolonisation of Africa and how it took place.

Body:

The problems faced by independent African nations were not very different. List the common problems, and use examples. Also cite some unique problems that plagued individual African countries (ex: apartheid in South Africa), Civil wars in western Africa, emergence of dictators etc.

Mention the impact of the above on African countries and link it with present day.

Next, write about the role played the colonists in the above crises – highlighting how African countries to this day are being affected by their colonial past.

Conclusion:

Conclude by mentioning a balanced opinion.


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

3. Developing inclusive and accessible schools will help challenge perceptions about children with disabilities and actualise the zero-rejection policy in schools. Examine.  (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

A UNESCO 2019 report mentioned that CWD comprise 1.7% of the total child population in India (Census 2011). As they are faced with physical, institutional, socioeconomic and communication barriers from an early age, more than 70% of five-year-olds with disabilities in India have never attended any educational institution, the report said. Many CWD also tend to drop out of school as they grow older.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the efforts at achieving inclusivity for children with disabilities in schools and steps need to realise it.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin the answer by giving statistic regarding the children with disabilities in India.

Body:

First, write about the issues faced children with disabilities – rejection at schooling, lack of education, lack of opportunities, poverty etc.

Next, write about the steps that are needed to address the above issue.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

4. The Global South has always displayed a spirit of third-world solidarity despite stiff resistance from the developed countries. However, the Global South needs to intensify the normative battle to correct the structural inequalities in euro-centric international law to better reflect its concerns. Examine (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The ‘Voice of the Global South’ summit that India recently organised bringing together 120-odd developing countries is a commendable step. This will add moral heft to India’s G-20 presidency. In today’s multi-polar world, where the boundaries between the Global North and South are getting blurred due to the realignment of interests, this summit has brought back the focus on the Global South.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the need of global south to correct the structural inequalities international law.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

Frist, write about how global south has displayed solidarity right since cold war era. Mention the steps and initiatives taken by the global south.

Next, write about the current world of rising challenges and structural inequalities in the international law and how global south can work towards addressing them. Elaborate upon – pandemic response, climate crisis preparedness, promoting food security and improving diasporic ties.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

5. Tourism is considered to be important for the country’s economy. It is a multi-segment industry which brings in a lot of economic value & associated benefits. Discuss the positive economic effects of tourism. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

Today is National Tourism Day (January 25) and the Ministry of Railways, in partnership with the Ministry of Tourism, is launching its Jagannath Yatra train package, an eight-day tour that begins in from Delhi, traverses Kashi, Baidyanath Dham, Jagannath Puri, Bhubaneshwar and Konark, and ends at the Vishnupad temple in Gaya. All this is linked to using Bharat Gaurav Trains (or theme-based tourist circuit trains) to highlight India’s rich cultural heritage and history.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the potential of tourism sector in India and the steps that India needs to take to boost tourism in the country.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving statistic related to tourism in India.

Body:

First, write about the status of tourism in India. Give facts and figures related to revenue and forex earnings, tourist footfalls. Also highlight the diverse nature of tourist circuits in the country.
Highlight the areas where work is needed – security, infrastructure, connectivity and so on. give
details of these three aspects

Next, Mention the steps taken by the government in improving the aforementioned areas through
schemes and programmes like PRASAD, e tourist visa etc. Discuss the steps that need to be taken still to fill in the gaps.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

6. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“What wisdom can you find greater than kindness.” ― Jean Jacques Rousseau

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Quotes Wednesdays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote and highlighting its core meaning.

Body:

Write about the importance of Kindness and compassion. Write about how kindness can be source of wisdom and things it can teach us. Substantiate with examples.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the importance of the quote.

 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

7. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“If you cry because the sun has gone out of your life, your tears will prevent you from seeing the stars.” ― Rabindranath Tagore

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Quotes Wednesdays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote and highlighting its core meaning.

Body:

Write about the importance of focussing on the positive side after a setback/loss. Mention the lessons or opportunities that are present in failure and that can lead to further success. Highlight the role of patience and perseverance. Substantiate with examples.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the importance of the quote.


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