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Although independence was achieved, but many newly independent African states went through a period political crisis leading rise of autocrats and economic stagnation leading to severe hunger and poverty. To what extent, can the colonists be blamed for post-independence crises in Africa?

Topic: History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.

2. Although independence was achieved, but many newly independent African states went through a period political crisis leading rise of autocrats and economic stagnation leading to severe hunger and poverty. To what extent, can the colonists be blamed for post-independence crises in Africa? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: History of modern world by Jain & Mathur

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question: 

To write about the problems faced by African nations after independence, and the role played by the Colonialism in their misery.

Introduction: 

Introduce the answer by writing about decolonisation of Africa and how it took place.

Body:

The problems faced by independent African nations were not very different. List the common problems, and use examples. Also cite some unique problems that plagued individual African countries (ex: apartheid in South Africa), Civil wars in western Africa, emergence of dictators etc.

Mention the impact of the above on African countries and link it with present day.

Next, write about the role played the colonists in the above crises – highlighting how African countries to this day are being affected by their colonial past.

Conclusion:

Conclude by mentioning a balanced opinion.