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Discuss the strategic importance of submarines to the India’s security. What are the features of a Kalvari-class submarine? What are the reasons for India’s dependence on foreign countries for submarine design and construction?

Topic: Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

6. Discuss the strategic importance of submarines to the India’s security. What are the features of a Kalvari-class submarine? What are the reasons for India’s dependence on foreign countries for submarine design and construction? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

The Indian Navy on Monday commissioned the fifth diesel-electric Kalvari-class submarine Vagir. It is among the six submarines being built by the Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited (MDL), Mumbai, in collaboration with the French M/s Naval Group under Project 75. Four of these submarines have already been commissioned into the Navy and a sixth will be commissioned next year.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the significance of submarines, features of Kalvari-class submarine and the various bottlenecks in submarine manufacturing in India.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

First, write about the importance of submarines – Submarines can lay mines around enemy ports and in shipping channels. They can sink surface ships with torpedoes or with anti-ship missiles. They can fire missiles against land targets. And they can insert and recover special forces for reconnaissance missions or small-scale raids ashore.

Next, write about the various features of Kalvari-Class submarine.

Next, write about the various bottlenecks to India having a state-of-the-art submarine-building facility – losing expertise, allegations of corruption, non-deliverance of contracts and highly-skilled workers etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by mentioning ways to overcome the above bottlenecks.