GS Paper 2
Syllabus: International Relations, Security Challenges and their Management in Border Areas – Linkages of Organized Crime with Terrorism
Direction: The article highlights the significance of international counterterrorism cooperation to curb terrorist threats and dismantle terror infrastructure.
- The UN Security Council’s (UNSC) 1267 Al Qaeda Sanctions Committee added 68-year-old Abdul Rehman Makki to its list of designated terrorists upon China withdrew its ‘ technical hold’.
- Pakistan-based Makki is the deputy chief of the terror outfit Lashkar-e-Taiba and the brother-in-law of its founder (Hafiz Saeed).
- During India’s two-year (2021-22) tenure at the UNSC, five names were designated under the ISIL and Al Qaeda Sanctions Committee including Abdul Rehman Makki (LeT).
- These names faced a “technical hold” from China, while the other 14 members (permanent + non-permanent) of the UNSC supported the listing.
- India and the US have listed Makki as a terrorist under their respective national laws.
- In October 2022, Pakistan was removed from the grey list.
What is the 1267 Al Qaeda Sanctions Committee?
- The committee is part of the UNSC and its job is to implement international sanctions against terrorists.
- It was established as the Al-Qaida and Taliban Sanctions Committee in 1999 after UNSC Resolution 1267 designated Al-Qaeda and the Taliban as terrorist bodies. In 2011, a separate committee was formed for the Taliban.
What does the UN’s blacklisting of terrorists imply?
- Resolution 1267 was adopted under Chapter VII of the UN Charter and requires all UN member states to –
- Freeze the assets,
- Prevent the entry into or transit through their territories, and
- Prevent the direct or indirect supply, sale and transfer of arms and military equipment to any individual or entity associated with Al-Qaida.
- It is conducive to enhancing international counterterrorism cooperation in response to terrorist threats.
Significance for India:
- Threats from terrorist organisations in the region remain high. (Makki being linked to seven terror attacks in India)
- Listings and sanctions by the UNSC are effective tools to curb such threats and dismantle terror infrastructure in the region.
- It validates India’s commitment to a zero-tolerance policy toward terrorism.
- It will also inspire India to press the international community to take credible, verifiable, and irreversible action against terrorism.
Q. Analyse the complexity and intensity of terrorism, its causes, linkages and obnoxious nexus. Also, suggest measures required to be taken to eradicate the menace of terrorism. (UPSC 2021)