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Sansad TV: Perspective- Good Governance

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Introduction:

Good governance is key to a nation’s progress. Towards making a New India by 2047, good governance is the only way forward. Cabinet Secretary Rajiv Gauba said this at an event marking Good Governance Week, 2022. He said Prime Minister Narendra Modi has articulated his vision of good governance, which includes ‘Minimum Government, Maximum Governance’ and Whole of Government approach. Towards realizing this vision, a number of efforts have been undertaken to facilitate a participatory, accountable, transparent and responsive government to the people of the country. He spoke about the importance of delayering, delegation of power and digitalization in governance.

Governance:

  • Kautilyain his treatise Arthashastra propounded the qualities of good governance by the ruling king as follows: In the happiness of his subject lies his happiness, in their welfare his welfare, whatever please himself he shall not consider good.
  • The concept of good governance is associated with capable and real administration in democratic set up.
  • Governance comprises all of the processes of governing – whether undertaken by the governmentof a state, by a market or by a network – over a social system (Family, tribe, formal or informal organization, a territory or across territories) and whether through the laws, norms, power, or language of an organized society.
  • Good governanceis a means to serve the people, by fulfilling their aspirations within the constitutional framework.
  • According to the United Nations Development Programme, Governance has been defined as the rules of the political system to solve conflicts between actors and adopt decision (legality).
  • In this context, 2nd ARCsuggested various measures to improve governance, therefore the word ‘good governance’ implies:
  • Responsive, accountable, sustainable and efficient administration at all levels.
  • Further, transparency, accountability, rule of law, principle of subsidiarity and citizen first form basics of good governance.
  • For ex.- delivery of services like PDS shall be quick, devoid of middlemen, reach even the most marginalised at minimum cost.

Components of Good Governance:

  • Capacity and efficiency in public sector management
  • Accountability
  • Legal framework for development
  • Information and transparency
  • Consensus Oriented
  • Equitable and Inclusive

Some of the good governance measures undertaken in India

  • The breaking of governance silos through better coordination among various ministries with initiatives like PM Gatishakti, PRAGATI, capacity building through Mission KarmYogi, focused emphasis on simplifying procedures and reducing the compliance burden on businesses, individuals, and other stakeholders are ensuring better delivery of public services.
  • The implementation of GST, labour codes, Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, New Education Policy, Mudra, PM Awas Schemes, PM Kisan, and seamless faceless resolution of tax disputes are initiatives that have strengthened transparency, responsiveness and other dimensions of good governance.
  • India’s Ease of Doing Business rank has risen from 145 in 2015 to 63 in 2020.
  • Similarly, the Global Innovation Index ranking has improved from 81 (2015) to 46 (2021).

Way forward

  • Measures to enhance good governance, such as the Right to Information Act, social audits, and public service guarantee acts in various States is necessary.
  • Need for a fresh perspective from the outside–for example, bringing in a consultant who specializes in type of change with your type of organization–to encourage people to see that workable alternatives are possible.
  • Top-Down approach: The bosses at the top should lead by example. Changes will automatically trickle down to the lowest level.
  • An effective multi-generational team will work within an environment that doesn’t intimidate and allows for ownership of the vision at all levels.
  • The process of change within a bureaucracy to be slower than you might like. Create a phased implementation that the organization can digest change a little at a time.
  • The changes will encounter some resistance, and it needs to be combated gradually through constant and clear communication at all levels.
  • Make technology employee-friendly, increase their ease of use and educate employees about the advantages and benefits of how technology eases work.
  • Transparent and objective performance assessment system to keep the staff motivated.
  • Accountability towards decision making to be instilled in the organization.
  • Social audits need to be strengthened by educating and make people aware.