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[MISSION 2023] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 12 January 2023

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

1.  Critically evaluate the 28-month long rule of Congress in the provinces. Do you think they took substantial measures and reforms to provide adequate reprieve to people of the country? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the 28 of Congress rule in the province. Its successes and failures.

Directive word: 

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidence.  You must appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming an opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by mentioning the backdrop of formation of Congress ministries and wide and varied expectations of different sections of people from it.

Body:

Elaborate further on expectation from the diverse group of people. Their demands and expectations from INC. Briefly, mention the major demands from the various provinces.

In the next part, bring out the performance of congress in its 28 month short rule. In detail analyse how congress performed with respect to land reforms, labour reforms, Civil Liberties, Release of Political Prisoners, Press and Constructive work undertake by the Congress.

In the final part, mention the impediments to Congress rule and mention the shortcomings of it. Internal bickering, failure

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a balanced opinion on congress ministries.

 

Topic: The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

2. The Quit India movement made the British realise that India, as a country, could not function without the cooperation of its people. People’s unfazed determination instilled a sense of fear among the rulers. Explain. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write how Quit India movement was different from the previous mass movements.

Directive word: 

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Give the context of political scene of the country that led to the launch of Quit India movement

Body:

Write about the factors that made the movement stand apart from other struggles or movements against the Imperial rule, on lines of, Gandhi’s strategy, emergence of new leaders, Violence, Princely States, new developements and mass involvement etc and the way it aligned the local interest with that of national interest.

Conclusion:

Conclude by mentioning that the much-needed impetus towards conclusion to the national freedom struggle can be credited to the Quit India movement.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

3. The new integrated food security scheme Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Ann Yojana (PMGKAY) is a crucial step in eliminating hunger and malnutrition. But the concerns associated with the distributions free foodgrains must be adequately addressed. Analyse.   (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu , pib.gov.in

Why the question:

The Central Government’s integrated food security scheme has been named as the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Ann Yojana (PMGKAY), under which free foodgrains are being given to more than 80 crore poor people from January 1.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the integrated PMGKAY, its pros and cons.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by writing about the aims and the objectives of the integrated PMGKAY.

Body:

First, in brief, write about the major features of PMGKAY.

Next, write about the role PMGKAY in addressing the food security challenges in the country. Cite statistics to substantiate. Highlight the role of similar schemes in addressing hunger and malnutrition in the country.

Next, write about the limitations of PMGKAY and suggest ways to improve it.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

4. Discuss the major reasons for an increase in man-animal conflict in recent years. What have been the major steps undertaken by the government for abatement of the conflicts? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

In the latest in a series of wild elephant attacks in Kerala, a daily worker, was attacked by a rouge elephant at Sulthan Bathery town adjacent to the Wayanad wildlife Sanctuary

Key Demand of the question:

To explain the major causes for rising cases of man-animal conflict and steps taken by government to control it.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

start with what you understand by Man-Animal conflicts.

Body:

Start by explaining what you understand by man-animal conflicts. Discuss what the main causes of man wildlife conflict are – The cause of human wildlife conflict was human settlement, agricultural expansion, illegal grass collection, over grazing by livestock and deforestation in national park. As a result, local communities disliked wildlife inhabiting in and around their surroundings. human population growth and expansion, habitat degradation and fragmentation, land use transformation and increasing densities of livestock grazing in protected areas are considered as major causes of man-carnivore conflicts.

Write about the various government policies and programmes in this direction.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

5. Growing population, rapid urbanisation, shifting consumption pattern and changing lifestyles have resulted in the mismanagement of plastic waste, which is causing severe marine pollution and growing burden of marine debris. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Down to EarthInsights on India

Why the question:

India generates 55 million tonnes of municipal waste, of which only 37 per cent is treated, according to the Central Pollution Control Board.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the need to tackle plastic pollution by regulating its manufacturing as well as managing plastic waste.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving a statistic regarding the extent of plastic pollution in India and the world.

Body:

First, mention the various sources of plastic pollution and its impact.

Next, write about the steps that have been taken to regulated the manufacture of plastic in India.

Next, enumerate policy measures and other initiative to tackle plastic waste management in India. Examine the performance the above measures.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward to holistically tackle the issue of plastic pollution.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.

6. Emotional intelligence amidst a crisis situation helps decision makers to maximize the pertinent of emotional intelligent skills to improve decision making. Elucidate. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Key Demand of the question:

To explain how EI makes a difference in extreme crisis situations.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Abstract Thursdays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In your own words, define Emotional intelligence.

Body:

Emotional Intelligence (EI) refers to the capability of a person to recognize, understand and manage own emotions, as well as to understand, manage and influence emotions of others. It is not always virtuous and can be used as a tool for positive and negative ends.

Very briefly describe the key 5 components of EI.

Explain why it is so valuable in the context of crisis situations. Mention how it makes a difference and people with high EI can manage any situation and rise above it. Cite examples to substantiate your points.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour;

7. With various forms of addictions on a rise among the youth of the country, empathy must play an essential role in long-term recovery of addicts. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Abstract Thursdays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about taking an empathetic approach towards de-addiction.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context of rising forms of addictions – drugs, gaming, alcohol, social media etc.

Body:

First, bring out the adverse impact of addictions in brief.

Next, write about empathetic approach towards de-addiction – breaking the stigma, persuading, care ethics, compassionate support, follow up etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing about saving the youth from various addictions.


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