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[MISSION 2023] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 11 January 2023

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

1. Though the battle of Plassey was won with deceit and treachery, it had deep ramifications on the political set up on mid eighteenth century.  Comment. (250 words).

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

Mir Jafar, had actually tried to do was pretty routine in politics, and, historically speaking, the charge of treachery does not really stick.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the consequences of battle of Plassey.

Directive word: 

Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Briefly give context about the battle of Plassey and reasons as to why it was fought.

Body:

First, highlight that how the battle was won by the British through deceit and treachery and Siraj ousted as nawab of Bengal.

Next, write about the long term and short political consequences in the Indian political set up following the battle of Plassey.

Conclusion:

Comment on the significance of the consequences of battle of Plassey.

 

Topic: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

2. Throw light on the administration of the Maratha’s under Shivaji with a special emphasis on his agricultural policy. What lessons can the present-day policy makers learn from it?  (250 words).

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The way Shivaji handled all aspects of administration, especially the agriculture sector, can be the guiding spirit for the modern-day administrators and policymakers of India.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about administration of Shivaji, his agricultural policy and lessons for present day administrators.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by giving context of Shivaji as the first Maratha king and an able administrator.

Body:

First, write about the key aspects of the overall administration of Shivaji and his organisation of administration.

Next, write about the Shivaji’s agricultural policy and its various features.

Next, write about the key lessons that can be drawn by the present-day policy makers form the administration of Shivaji. Cite examples to substantiate.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

3. What does this quote mean to you in the present context? “Religion is as necessary to reason as reason is to religion. The one cannot exist without the other” (10M).

Difficulty level: Easy

Why the question:

Rising irrationality in society in recent times.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define religion in a brief manner.

Body:

Try to deconstruct the statement in a simple manner. This could be done through examples. Ex: Emphasis on Neem in Indian customs is based on scientific principle, on the other side we have certain regressive practices such as female genital mutilation, etc.

Identify what makes people neglect rationalism while practicing religion

Explore if religion and reason could be reconciled in the present times.

Conclusion:

Suggest a way forward to reconcile them adequately.

 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

4. What does this quote mean to you? “When you are in the service of your fellow beings you are in the service of God. – Anonymous” (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude by Lexicon Publications.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 in Mission-2022 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about how the importance of Service to human is considered equivalent to the service of God.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by explaining the quote.

Body:

Elaborate upon how service is a defining and fulfilling act which can help one to understand himself and explore as a human being

Elaborate on how an individual is not delineated by an identity, but defined by ability, compassion, connection and love which are the basic human values.

Substantiate the above by giving examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stressing why this quote is more relevant the ever in the current circumstances.


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