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Land subsidence is a silent disaster that is taking hold of the Himalayan region. Examine the causes behind it, its impact and measures need to prevent this silent disaster.

Topic: Disaster and disaster management.

5. Land subsidence is a silent disaster that is taking hold of the Himalayan region. Examine the causes behind it, its impact and measures need to prevent this silent disaster. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Indian ExpressDown to Earth

Why the question:

The Uttarakhand government has declared Joshimath’s all nine municipal wards as ‘disaster affected’ and ‘unsafe for living’ under the Disaster Management Act in view of the growing threat from land subsidence that has resulted in cracks in over 600 houses in the holy city and has started evacuation of the people from these areas.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about land subsidence, its causes, impact and measures needed to tackle it.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining land subsidence.

Body:

First, write about the causes Land subsidence in the Himalayan region – Natural and anthropogenic causes.

Next, write about the impact of land subsidence on the lives and livelihood of the people.

Next, write about the steps that are needed to prevent land subsidence.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.