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Centre clears ₹19,744-crore Green Hydrogen Mission

GS Paper 2


Source: The Hindu


Context: Union Cabinet has approved the National Green Hydrogen Mission, which is aimed at making India the global hub for the production of green hydrogen

Expected Mission Outcomes:

  • Development of Green Hydrogen Production Capacity of at least 5 MMT (Million Metric Tonne) per annum
  • Renewable energy capacity addition of about 125 GW in the country by 2030
  • Over 8 lakh crores in total investments
  • Creation of over 6 lakh jobs by 2030
  • Saving over 1 lakh crore in fossil fuel import
  • Reduction in about 50 MMT of annual greenhouse gas emissions by 2030


Components of the Mission:

  • SIGHT (Strategic Interventions for Green Hydrogen Transition Programme) under this, two financial incentive mechanisms have been created:
    • Targeting domestic manufacturing of electrolysers
    • Production of green hydrogen
  • Strategic Hydrogen Innovation Partnership (SHIP): Under this Public-private partnership framework for R&D will be facilitated under the mission.
  • Green Hydrogen Hubs: Regions capable of supporting large-scale production and/or utilization of hydrogen will be identified and developed as Green Hydrogen Hubs
  • Policy Framework: An enabling policy framework will be developed to support the establishment of the green hydrogen ecosystem.
  • Standards and regulations framework will be also developed
  • A coordinated skill development programme will also be undertaken
  • Support pilot projects in emerging end-use sectors and production pathways


India’s status for Green Hydrogen:

  • India has just begun to generate green hydrogen with the objective of raising non-fossil energy capacity to 500 gigawatts by 2030.
  • Oil India Limited (OIL) recently commissioned India’s first 99% pure green hydrogen plant in eastern Assam’s Jorhat
  • NTPC (in Kawas, Surat) has started India’s 1st Green Hydrogen Blending operation in Piped Natural gas (PNG) Network.
  • Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board (PNGRB) has given approval for a 5% blending of green hydrogen with PNG (later to be scaled to 20%)
  • Pune Municipal Corporation (PMC) has collaborated with business management consultant The Green Billions (TGBL) to manage its waste and generate it into useable green hydrogen (under the waste-to-hydrogen project)
  • Strategic Clean Energy Partnership (SCEP)to mobilise finance and speed up green energy development


Benefits of the Mission:

  • Creation of export opportunities for Green Hydrogen and its derivatives
  • Decarbonization of Industrial, mobility and energy sectors
  • Reduction in dependence on imported fossil fuels and feedstock
  • Development of indigenous manufacturing capabilities
  • Creation of employment opportunities
  • Development of cutting-edge technologies


About the Mission:

National Hydrogen Mission was launched on August 15, 2021, with a view to cutting down carbon emissions and increasing the use of renewable sources of energy.

  • Nodal Agency: The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) will formulate the scheme guidelines for implementation.
  • All concerned ministries, departments, agencies and institutions of the Central and State Governments will undertake focused and coordinated steps


About Green Hydrogen, how it is produced, its benefits and challenges: Click on this recent article


Insta Curious: 

Do you know the difference between Green Hydrogen and Blue Hydrogen? Read Here 



Prelims Link:

  1. About Green Hydrogen.
  2. How is it produced?
  3. Applications.
  4. Benefits.
  5. About the Hydrogen Energy Mission.

Mains Link:

Discuss the benefits of Green Hydrogen.