GS Paper 2
Source: The Hindu
Context: Union Cabinet has approved the National Green Hydrogen Mission, which is aimed at making India the global hub for the production of green hydrogen
Expected Mission Outcomes:
- Development of Green Hydrogen Production Capacity of at least 5 MMT (Million Metric Tonne) per annum
- Renewable energy capacity addition of about 125 GW in the country by 2030
- Over 8 lakh crores in total investments
- Creation of over 6 lakh jobs by 2030
- Saving over 1 lakh crore in fossil fuel import
- Reduction in about 50 MMT of annual greenhouse gas emissions by 2030
Components of the Mission:
- SIGHT (Strategic Interventions for Green Hydrogen Transition Programme) under this, two financial incentive mechanisms have been created:
- Targeting domestic manufacturing of electrolysers
- Production of green hydrogen
- Strategic Hydrogen Innovation Partnership (SHIP): Under this Public-private partnership framework for R&D will be facilitated under the mission.
- Green Hydrogen Hubs: Regions capable of supporting large-scale production and/or utilization of hydrogen will be identified and developed as Green Hydrogen Hubs
- Policy Framework: An enabling policy framework will be developed to support the establishment of the green hydrogen ecosystem.
- Standards and regulations framework will be also developed
- A coordinated skill development programme will also be undertaken
- Support pilot projects in emerging end-use sectors and production pathways
India’s status for Green Hydrogen:
- India has just begun to generate green hydrogen with the objective of raising non-fossil energy capacity to 500 gigawatts by 2030.
- Oil India Limited (OIL) recently commissioned India’s first 99% pure green hydrogen plant in eastern Assam’s Jorhat
- NTPC (in Kawas, Surat) has started India’s 1st Green Hydrogen Blending operation in Piped Natural gas (PNG) Network.
- Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board (PNGRB) has given approval for a 5% blending of green hydrogen with PNG (later to be scaled to 20%)
- Pune Municipal Corporation (PMC) has collaborated with business management consultant The Green Billions (TGBL) to manage its waste and generate it into useable green hydrogen (under the waste-to-hydrogen project)
- Strategic Clean Energy Partnership (SCEP)to mobilise finance and speed up green energy development
Benefits of the Mission:
- Creation of export opportunities for Green Hydrogen and its derivatives
- Decarbonization of Industrial, mobility and energy sectors
- Reduction in dependence on imported fossil fuels and feedstock
- Development of indigenous manufacturing capabilities
- Creation of employment opportunities
- Development of cutting-edge technologies
About the Mission:
National Hydrogen Mission was launched on August 15, 2021, with a view to cutting down carbon emissions and increasing the use of renewable sources of energy.
- Nodal Agency: The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) will formulate the scheme guidelines for implementation.
- All concerned ministries, departments, agencies and institutions of the Central and State Governments will undertake focused and coordinated steps
About Green Hydrogen, how it is produced, its benefits and challenges: Click on this recent article
Do you know the difference between Green Hydrogen and Blue Hydrogen? Read Here
- About Green Hydrogen.
- How is it produced?
- About the Hydrogen Energy Mission.
Discuss the benefits of Green Hydrogen.