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[MISSION 2023] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 04 January 2023

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1. Critically analyse the importance of Sangam literature as source of understanding history and cultural attributes of ancient south India. (250 words).

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference:  Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the historical importance of Sangam literature.

Directive word: 

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by writing about the three Tamil Sangams and the formation of state in Southern India.

Body:

In the first part, write about I detail bring out the various dimensions of the Sangam texts – Ideals, ritualism, mysticism and tale of valour and love.

Next, write about Sangam literature as historical texts, they give information about kings, dynasties, administration, taxes, trade and commerce, societal aspects etc. The classical epics also throw light on contemporary events as well as historical aspects. Show the refined and advanced nature of literature. Use various Sangam texts as examples to substantiate your points.

Write a few criticisms of Sangam literature as historical texts – lack of chronology, discontinuities etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by giving your opinion of Sangam texts as source of history.

 

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

2. Folk paintings served as a medium through which a community’s traditions, beliefs, and attitudes can be transmitted and passed from one generation to another. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian art and culture – Nitin Singhania.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the importance of folk paintings.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving a brief about folk paintings in India with examples.

Body:

Mention the major elements of folk paintings in India. Elaborate how they are manifestation of cultural diversity as well as regional specializations. Substantiate with examples. Write about the importance of folk paintings.

Conclusion:

Summarize with respect to folk paintings of India.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

3. The Earth is currently tilted 23.5° from its axial plane and this axial tilt results in many remarkable effects, including the seasons around the planet. Elaborate (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Down to Earth , Insights on India

Why the question:

As the Earth orbits the sun, it spins around an axis — picture a stick going through the Earth, from the North Pole to the South Pole. During the 24 hours that it takes for the Earth to rotate once around its axis, every point on its surface faces toward the Sun for part of the time and away from it for part of the time. This is what causes daily changes in sunlight and temperature.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about axial tilt of earth and its impact.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define the concept of Earth’s axial tilt briefly.

Body:

First, write about the Earth’s axis of rotation is the line along which it spins around itself as it revolves around the Sun. The points on which the axis intersects the planet’s surface are the geographical north and south poles.

Next, mention the impact of axial tilt of earth – appropriate climate for Earth to support life, responsible for the formation of seasons, governs the warming strength of the sun’s energy etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

4. What is the doctrine of proportionality? Do you think demonetisation was purposeful and proportionate in unearthing fake currency and hoarded wealth and combating terror funding vis a vis the difficulties faced by the common people after its announcement? Critically comment. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The HinduIndian Express

Why the question:

The Supreme Court evaded pronouncing on the legality of the measure for six years. Now it has, as was widely expected, upheld the legality of demonetisation in a 4-to-1 decision.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the doctrine of proportionality and its application the case of demonetisation.

Directive word: 

Critically comment – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘comment’ is prefixed, we must express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining doctrine of proportionality.

Body:

First, Highlight key objectives of demonetization.

Next, mention of the purpose was proportional to action in caste of demonetisation – Discuss the rationale given that suggests that demonetization has been moderately successful in tackling black money – increasing tax base, formalization of economy etc

Next, mention of the purpose was not proportional to action in caste of demonetisation – Discuss why demonetization was an abject failure in tackling black money. Highlight reasons such as logistical difficulty in penalising all those who converted unaccounted money into legal tender, demonetisation worked as an unintended amnesty scheme, it was a self-inflicted shock– slowdown in GDP, loss of jobs, hit the informal sector etc

Conclusion:

Give a fair and balanced view on demonetization with respect to doctrine of proportionality.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Achievements of Indians in science & technology;

5. Discuss the contributions of Satyendra Nath Bose to the field of physics and inspiring the advancement of spirit of scientific inquiry among Indians.  (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

January 1 was the birth anniversary of the physicist Satyendra Nath Bose (1894-1974). Among other things, Bose is remembered for formulating the statistical rules that describe the behaviour of a certain class of subatomic particles, with help from Albert Einstein.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the contributions of S.N Bose.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context of S.N Bose as a pioneering scientist of India.

Body:

First, write about the contributions of S.N Bose – mathematician and physicist specializing in theoretical physics. He is best known for his work on quantum mechanics in the early 1920s, in developing the foundation for Bose statistics and the theory of the Bose condensate.

Next, write about the contributions of S.N Bose in furthering the spirit of scientific inquiry among Indians.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

6. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“You are what you do, not what you say you’ll do.” ― Carl Gustav Jung

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Quotes Wednesdays’ in Mission-2022 Secure.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote.

Body:

Write about the difference between saying and doing. Mention that many times humans act contradictory to their words or do not act all. This is reflection of integrity and the character of the person. Substantiate with examples.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the need to act as per out words.

 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

7. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“Educating the mind without educating the heart is no education at all.” ― Aristotle

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Quotes Wednesdays’ in Mission-2022 Secure.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote.

Body:

Write about how there exist difference between educating the mind and the heart. If the mind provides knowledge, then from heart comes, empathy and compassion. The education of mind without inculcating values can be meaningless or even destructive. Substantiate with examples.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the importance of the quote in the present day.


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