Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.
4. India is considered as one of the voices of the Global South. In this context, mention the ways in which India can deepen engagement with African countries on pandemic response, climate crisis preparedness, promoting food security and improving overall diasporic ties. (250 words)
Difficulty level: Moderate
Reference: The Hindu , Insights on India
Why the question:
India, through the G20 presidency, intends to be remembered as the voice of the Global South at the heart of which is Africa. Most of the 54 countries of this continent are developing or least developed countries. To truly represent the South, it is essential to grasp the mood and changes in Africa, especially in its external partnerships. This will determine the contribution India can make to advance the African agenda.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about India’s priority with respect to Africa in its foreign policy and the need for revamping India-Africa policy to deepen its ties for mutual benefits.
Structure of the answer:
Begin by giving context.
Briefly discuss the ties between India-Africa from the past to the present.
In the 21st century, Africa has transformed from a lost continent to a continent of hope. Subsequently, in recent years, Africa occupies a central place in the Indian government’s foreign and economic policy.
How in the current world of rising challenges, India and Africa can work towards addressing them. Elaborate upon – pandemic response, climate crisis preparedness, promoting food security and improving diasporic ties.
Conclude by writing a way forward.