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India will continue to be significantly dependent on coal in the near to medium term. To reduce the severity of the coal shortage that impacts electricity generation and in turn the Indian economy, it is important to work on better planning, infrastructure development and increase of domestic supplies of coal. Examine.

Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

4. India will continue to be significantly dependent on coal in the near to medium term. To reduce the severity of the coal shortage that impacts electricity generation and in turn the Indian economy, it is important to work on better planning, infrastructure development and increase of domestic supplies of coal. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Down to EarthInsights on India

Why the question:

India, along with China, is the world’s largest coal producer, consumer and importer. Its own coal production will surpass a billion tonnes by 2025, the annual report of the International Energy Agency (IEA).

Key Demand of the question: 

 To write about the importance of coal for India and steps that are needed to harness it effectively and efficiently.

Directive word:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by giving facts regarding the coal production in the country.

Body:

First, write in detail about the importance of coal to India’s energy security and economy. Cite statistics to substantiate.

Next, write about the measures that are needed for better planning, infrastructure development and increase of domestic supplies of coal

Next, write about the need to cut dependency of coal and move towards renewable source of energy.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.