Topic: Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government
2. Analyse the causes behind the huge backlog of cases with the judiciary leading to daunting delays in the justice delivery system. Do you think that increasing the number of judges in the higher judiciary, a possible solution to the issue of pendency? (250 words)
Difficulty level: Moderate
Why the question:
The Chief Justice of India D.Y. Chandrachud stated that increasing the number of judges will not demolish the perennial problem of pendency, and that it is difficult enough now to find good High Court judge material.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about the causes for pendency of cases in India, its impact and suggest measures to overcome.
Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.
Structure of the answer:
Describe the current conditions with few vital statistics to substantiate the tendencies.
First write the causes for it – The cumulative effect of persisting vacancies, strained budgets, inadequate infrastructure combined with the continuous inflow of cases inevitably impacts mounting pendency and the time taken for cases to resolve.
Next bring out the impact of it – faith in the justice system, under trial prisoners their due of justice, impact on Economic reforms and foreign investors, Judiciary becomes overworked and lose its efficiency.
Suggest measures to overcome the above.
Conclude with a way forward to ensure speedy delivery of justice.